Hydrography in the Mediterranean Sea during a cruise with RV POSEIDON in April 2014
Summary: We report on data from an oceanographic cruise in the Mediterranean in April 2014. Data were taken on a west-east section starting at the Strait of Gibraltar and ending south-east of Crete as well on sections in the Ionian and Adriatic Sea. The measurements include salinity, temperature, oxygen and currents. We study the mesoscale eddy field and support long-term investigations of the hydrography.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., 8, 427-446, doi:10.5194/essdd-8-427-2015, 2015
A global satellite assisted precipitation climatology
Summary: We derive a new global 0.05 degree precipitation climatology using satellite data, topography and climate normals via moving window regression. The resulting global 0.05° monthly precipitation climatology, the Climate Hazards Group’s Precipitation Climatology version 1 (CHPclim v.1.0, http://dx.doi.org/10.15780/G2159X), is shown to compare favorably with similar global climatology products, especially in areas with complex terrain and low station densities.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., 8, 401-425, doi:10.5194/essdd-8-401-2015, 2015
Vertical distribution of chlorophyll a concentration and phytoplankton community composition from in situ fluorescence profiles: a first database for the global ocean
Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., 8, 365-399, doi:10.5194/essdd-8-365-2015, 2015
Processing of water level derived from water pressure data at the Time Series Station Spiekeroog
Summary: We present water level data derived from long term measurements of water pressure at the Time Series Station Spiekeroog (southern North Sea). Problems addressed during data processing include outliers, data gaps and sensor drift. For quality control, we compared the processed data to measurements of water level obtained nearby. We also carried out a storm flood analysis and a Fourier analysis to identify major tidal components.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., 8, 345-364, doi:10.5194/essdd-8-345-2015, 2015
Perceived temperature in the course of climate change: an analysis of global heat index from 1979–2013
Summary: We evaluate global changes to heat index, a measure of perceived temperature. The product is daily means, minima and maxima gridded to 0.75°x0.75° for the entire globe from 1979-2013. The results show the uneven distribution in changes in heat index throughout space and time. They can serve as a basis for future studies on the evolution of heat index in climate change and its effects on human society.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., 8, 317-344, doi:10.5194/essdd-8-317-2015, 2015
The Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost Database: metadata statistics and prospective analysis on future permafrost temperature and active layer depth monitoring site distribution
Summary: The authors introduce the new database of the Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost (GTN-P) on permafrost temperature and active layer thickness data. They describe the operability of the Data Management System and the data quality. By applying statistics on GTN-P metadata, they analyse the spatial sample representation of permafrost monitoring sites. Comparison with environmental variables and climate projection data enable identification of potential future research locations.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., 8, 279-315, doi:10.5194/essdd-8-279-2015, 2015
CoastColour Round Robin datasets: a database to evaluate the performance of algorithms for the retrieval of water quality parameters in coastal waters
Summary: The CoastColour project Round Robin project funded by the European Space Agency was designed to set up the first database for remote sensing algorithms testing and accuracy assessment of water quality parameters retrieval in coastal waters, from satellite imagery. The database includes in situ bio-geochemical and optical measurements in various water types at 17 sites, match-up reflectance products from the MEdium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS), and radiative transfer simulations.
Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., 8, 173-258, doi:10.5194/essdd-8-173-2015, 2015