Journal cover Journal topic
Earth System Science Data The Data Publishing Journal
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2017-121
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Review article
08 Nov 2017
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD).
Ecological landscape elements: long-term monitoring in Great Britain, the Countryside Survey 1978–2007 and beyond
Claire M. Wood1, Robert G. H. Bunce2, Lisa R. Norton1, Lindsay C. Maskell1, Simon M. Smart1, W. Andrew Scott1, Peter A. Henrys1, David C. Howard1, Simon M. Wright1, Michael J. Brown1, Rod J. Scott1, Rick C. Stuart1, and John W. Watkins1 1Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Bailrigg, Lancaster, LA1 4AP, UK
2Estonian University of Life Sciences, Kreuzwaldi 5, 51014 Tartu, Estonia
Abstract. The Countryside Survey (CS) of Great Britain (GB) provides a unique and statistically robust series of datasets, consisting of an extensive set of repeated ecological measurements at a national scale, covering a time span of 29 years. CS was first undertaken in 1978 to provide a baseline for ecological and land use change monitoring in the rural environment of GB, following a stratified random design, based on 1 km squares. Originally, eight random 1 km squares were drawn from each of 32 environmental classes, thus comprising 256 sample squares in the 1978 survey. The number of these sites increased to 382 in 1984, 506 in 1990, 569 in 1998 and 591 in 2007. Detailed information regarding vegetation types and land use was mapped in all five surveys, allowing reporting by defined standard habitat classifications. Additionally, point and linear landscape features (such as trees and hedgerows) are available from all surveys after 1978. From these stratified, randomly located sample squares, information can be converted into national estimates, with associated error terms. Other data, relating to soils, freshwater and vegetation, were also sampled on analogous dates. However, the present paper describes only the surveys of landscape features and habitats. The resulting datasets provide a unique, comprehensive, quantitative ecological coverage of extent and change in these features in GB. Basic results are presented and their implications discussed. However, much opportunity for further analyses remains. Data from each of the survey years are available via the following DOIs:

Landscape area data
1978: http://doi.org/10.5285/86c017ba-dc62-46f0-ad13-c862bf31740e,
1984: http://doi.org/10.5285/b656bb43-448d-4b2c-aade-7993aa243ea3,
1990: http://doi.org/10.5285/94f664e5-10f2-4655-bfe6-44d745f5dca7,
1998: http://doi.org/10.5285/1e050028-5c55-42f4-a0ea-c895d827b824, and
2007: http://doi.org/10.5285/bf189c57-61eb-4339-a7b3-d2e81fdde28d;

Landscape linear feature data
1984: http://doi.org/10.5285/a3f5665c-94b2-4c46-909e-a98be97857e5,
1990: http://doi.org/10.5285/311daad4-bc8c-485a-bc8a-e0d054889219,
1998: http://doi.org/10.5285/8aaf6f8c-c245-46bb-8a2a-f0db012b2643, and
2007: http://doi.org/10.5285/e1d31245-4c0a-4dee-b36c-b23f1a697f88;

Landscape point feature data
1984: http://doi.org/10.5285/124b872e-036e-4dd3-8316-476b5f42c16e,
1990:
http://doi.org/10.5285/1481bc63-80d7-4d18-bcba-8804aa0a9e1b,
1998: http://doi.org/10.5285/ed10944f-40c8-4913-b3f5-13c8e844e153, and
2007: http://doi.org/10.5285/55dc5fd7-d3f7-4440-b8a7-7187f8b0550b.


Citation: Wood, C. M., Bunce, R. G. H., Norton, L. R., Maskell, L. C., Smart, S. M., Scott, W. A., Henrys, P. A., Howard, D. C., Wright, S. M., Brown, M. J., Scott, R. J., Stuart, R. C., and Watkins, J. W.: Ecological landscape elements: long-term monitoring in Great Britain, the Countryside Survey 1978–2007 and beyond, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2017-121, in review, 2017.
Claire M. Wood et al.
Claire M. Wood et al.

Data sets

Landscape area data 1978 [Countryside Survey]
R. G. H. Bunce, C. M. Wood, P. A. Henrys, S. M. Smart, D. C. Howard, and C. J. Barr
https://doi.org/10.5285/86c017ba-dc62-46f0-ad13-c862bf31740e
Landscape area data 1984 [Countryside Survey]
C. J. Barr, R. G. H. Bunce, L. C. Maskell, L. R. Norton, R. J. Scott, W. A. Scott, S. M. Smart, R. C. Stuart, H. A. Whittaker, C. M. Wood, and S. M. Wright
https://doi.org/10.5285/b656bb43-448d-4b2c-aade-7993aa243ea3
Landscape area data 1990 [Countryside Survey]
C. J. Hallam, D. C. Howard, L. C. Maskell, M. J. Ness, L. R. Norton, R. J. Scott, W. A. Scott, S. M. Smart, R. C. Stuart, C. M. Wood, and S. M. Wright
https://doi.org/10.5285/94f664e5-10f2-4655-bfe6-44d745f5dca7
Landscape area data 1998 [Countryside Survey]
C. J. Barr, R. G. H. Bunce, R. T. Clarke, M. K. Gillespie, D. C. Howard, L. C. Maskell, L. R. Norton, R. J. Scott, W. A. Scott, S. M. Smart, R. C. Stuart, J. W. Watkins, C. M. Wood, and S. M. Wright
https://doi.org/10.5285/1e050028-5c55-42f4-a0ea-c895d827b824
Landscape area data 2007 [Countryside Survey]
M. J. Brown, R. G. H. Bunce, P. D. Carey, K. Chandler, A. Crowe, L. C. Maskell, L. R. Norton, R. J. Scott, W. A. Scott, S. M. Smart, R. C. Stuart, C. M. Wood, and S. M. Wright
https://doi.org/10.5285/bf189c57-61eb-4339-a7b3-d2e81fdde28d
Landscape point feature data 1984 [Countryside Survey]
C. J. Barr, R. G. H. Bunce, L. C. Maskell, L. R. Norton, R. J. Scott, W. A. Scott, S. M. Smart, R. C. Stuart, H. A. Whittaker, C. M. Wood, and S. M. Wright
https://doi.org/10.5285/124b872e-036e-4dd3-8316-476b5f42c16e
Landscape point feature data 1990 [Countryside Survey]
C. J. Barr, R. G. H. Bunce, R. T. Clarke, M. K. Gillespie, C. J. Hallam, D. C. Howard, L. C. Maskell, M. J. Ness, L. R. Norton, R. J. Scott, W. A. Scott, S. M. Smart, R. C. Stuart, C. M. Wood, and S. M. Wright
https://doi.org/10.5285/1481bc63-80d7-4d18-bcba-8804aa0a9e1b
Landscape point feature data 1998 [Countryside Survey]
C. J. Barr, R. G. H. Bunce, R. T. Clarke, M. K. Gillespie, D. C. Howard, L. C. Maskell, L. R. Norton, R. J. Scott, W. A. Scott, S. M. Smart, R. C. Stuart, J. W. Watkins, C. M. Wood, and S. M. Wright
https://doi.org/10.5285/ed10944f-40c8-4913-b3f5-13c8e844e153
Landscape point feature data 2007 [Countryside Survey]
M. J. Brown, R. G. H. Bunce, P. D. Carey, P. M. Chamberlain, K. Chandler, A. Crowe, L. C. Maskell, L. R. Norton, R. J. Scott, W. A. Scott, S. M. Smart, R. C. Stuart, C. M. Wood, and S. M. Wright
https://doi.org/10.5285/55dc5fd7-d3f7-4440-b8a7-7187f8b0550b
Landscape linear feature data 1984 [Countryside Survey]
C. J. Barr, R. G. H. Bunce, L. C. Maskell, L. R. Norton, R. J. Scott, W. A. Scott, S. M. Smart, R. C. Stuart, H. A. Whittaker, C. M. Wood, and S. M. Wright
https://doi.org/10.5285/a3f5665c-94b2-4c46-909e-a98be97857e5
Landscape linear feature data 1990 [Countryside Survey]
C. J. Barr, R. G. H. Bunce, R. T. Clarke, M. K. Gillespie, C. J. Hallam, D. C. Howard, L. C. Maskell, M. J. Ness, L. R. Norton, R. J. Scott, W. A. Scott, S. M. Smart, R. C. Stuart, C. M. Wood, and S. M. Wright
https://doi.org/10.5285/311daad4-bc8c-485a-bc8a-e0d054889219
Landscape linear feature data 1998 [Countryside Survey]
C. J. Barr, R. G. H. Bunce, R. T. Clarke, M. K. Gillespie, D. C. Howard, L. C. Maskell, L. R. Norton, R. J. Scott, W. A. Scott, S. M. Smart, R. C. Stuart, J. W. Watkins, C. M. Wood, and S. M. Wright
https://doi.org/10.5285/8aaf6f8c-c245-46bb-8a2a-f0db012b2643
Landscape linear feature data 2007 [Countryside Survey]
M. J. Brown, R. G. H. Bunce, P. D. Carey, K. Chandler, A. Crowe, L. C. Maskell, L. R. Norton, R. J. Scott, W. A. Scott, S. M. Smart, R. C. Stuart, C. M. Wood, and S. M. Wright
https://doi.org/10.5285/e1d31245-4c0a-4dee-b36c-b23f1a697f88
ITE land classification of Great Britain 2007
R. G. H. Bunce, C. J. Barr, R. T. Clarke, D. C. Howard, and W. A. Scott
https://doi.org/10.5285/5f0605e4-aa2a-48ab-b47c-bf5510823e8f
Claire M. Wood et al.

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Short summary
The Countryside Survey (CS) of Great Britain consists of an extensive set of repeated ecological measurements at a national scale, covering a time span of 29 years. CS was first undertaken in 1978 to monitor ecological and land use change in Britain using standardised procedures for recording ecological data from representative 1 km squares throughout the country. The mapping of ecological landscape elements has subsequently been repeated in 1984, 1990, 1998 and 2007.
The Countryside Survey (CS) of Great Britain consists of an extensive set of repeated ecological...
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