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Earth System Science Data The Data Publishing Journal
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2017-126
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
 
06 Dec 2017
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD).
Central-Pacific surface meteorology from the 2016 El Niño Rapid Response (ENRR) field campaign
Leslie M. Hartten1,2, Christopher J. Cox1,2, Paul E. Johnston1,2, Daniel E. Wolfe1,2, Scott Abbott2, and H. Alex McColl1,2,a 1Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science (CIRES), University of Colorado, Boulder, 80309-0216, USA
2NOAA/Earth System Research Laboratory, Physical Sciences Division, Boulder, Colorado, 80305, USA
acurrently at: Berthoud, Colorado, 80513, USA
Abstract. During the early months of the 2015/16 El Niño event, scientists led by the Earth System Research Laboratory's Physical Sciences Division conducted NOAA's El Niño Rapid Response (ENRR) Field Campaign. One component of ENRR involved in-situ observations collected over the near-equatorial East-Central Pacific Ocean. From 25 January to 28 March 2016, standard surface meteorology observations, including rainfall, were collected at Kiritimati Island (2.0° N, 157.4° E) in support of twice-daily radiosonde launches. From 16 February to 16 March 2016, continuous measurements of surface meteorology, sea surface temperature, and downwelling shortwave radiation were made by the NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown. These were largely done in support of the four to eight radiosondes launched each day as the ship travelled from Hawaii to TAO buoy locations along longitudes 140° W and 125° W and then back to port in San Diego, California. The rapid nature of these remote field deployments led to some specific challenges in addition to those common to many surface data collection efforts. This paper documents the two deployments as well as the steps taken to evaluate and process the data. The results are two multi-week surface meteorology data products and one accompanying set of surface fluxes, all collected in the core of the east-central Pacific's extremely warm waters. These data sets, plus metadata, are archived at the NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) and free for public access: surface meteorology from Kiritimati Island (doi:10.7289/V51Z42H4); surface meteorology and some surface fluxes from the NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown (doi:10.7289/V5SF2T80; doi pending, available at http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0167875).

Citation: Hartten, L. M., Cox, C. J., Johnston, P. E., Wolfe, D. E., Abbott, S., and McColl, H. A.: Central-Pacific surface meteorology from the 2016 El Niño Rapid Response (ENRR) field campaign, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2017-126, in review, 2017.
Leslie M. Hartten et al.
Leslie M. Hartten et al.

Data sets

El Niño Rapid Response (ENRR) Field Campaign: Surface Meteorological and Ship Data from the NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown, February-March 2016 (NCEI Accession 0161528)
C. Cox, D. Wolfe, L. Hartten, and P. Johnston
https://doi.org/10.7289/V5SF2T80
El Niño Rapid Response (ENRR) Field Campaign: Surface Meteorological Data from Kiritimati Island, January-March 2016 (NCEI Accession 0161526)
L. Hartten, P. Johnston, C. Cox, and D. Wolfe
https://doi.org/10.7289/V51Z42H4
Leslie M. Hartten et al.

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Short summary
In early 2016 NOAA's El Niño Rapid Response Field Campaign documented the ongoing strong event and its impacts. Observations from the warmed Pacific included 10 weeks of surface meteorology from Kiritimati Island and four weeks of surface meteorology and air-sea fluxes from the NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown. We have vetted the data, identifying issues and minimizing their impacts when possible. Measurements include a meter of rain at Kiritimati, and continuous ocean and air conditions from the ship.
In early 2016 NOAA's El Niño Rapid Response Field Campaign documented the ongoing strong event...
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