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Earth System Science Data The Data Publishing Journal
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Review article
04 Jan 2018
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. A revision of the manuscript is under review for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD).
History of Chemically and Radiatively Important Atmospheric Gases from the Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment (AGAGE)
Ronald G. Prinn1, Ray F. Weiss2, Jgor Arduini3, Tim Arnold4, H. Langley DeWitt1, Paul J. Fraser5, Anita L. Ganesan6, Jimmy Gasore7, Christina M. Harth2, Ove Hermansen8, Jooil Kim2, Paul B. Krummel5, Shanlan Li9, Zoë M. Loh5, Chris R. Lunder8, Michela Maione3, Alistair J. Manning10,11, Ben R. Miller12, Blagoj Mitrevski5, Jens Mühle2, Simon O'Doherty11, Sunyoung Park9, Stefan Reimann13, Matt Rigby11, Takuya Saito14, Peter K. Salameh2, Roland Schmidt2, Peter G. Simmonds6, L. Paul Steele5, Martin K. Vollmer13, Ray H. Wang15, Bo Yao16, Yoko Yokouchi14, Dickon Young11, and Lingxi Zhou16 1Center for Global Change Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
2Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
3Department of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Urbino, Urbino, Italy
4National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex, UK and School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
5Climate Science Centre, Oceans and Atmosphere, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), Aspendale, Victoria, Australia
6School of Geographical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
7Rwanda Climate Observatory Secretariat, Ministry of Education of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
8Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU), Kjeller, Norway
9Department of Oceanography, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea
10Hadley Centre, The Met Office, Exeter, UK
11School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
12National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Earth System Research Laboratory, Boulder, CO, USA
13Laboratory for Air Pollution and Environmental Technology (Empa), Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Dübendorf, Switzerland
14National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), Tsukuba, Japan
15Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA
16China Meteorological Administration (CMA), Beijing, China
Abstract. We present the organization, instrumentation, datasets, data interpretation, modeling, and accomplishments of the multinational, global atmospheric measurement program AGAGE (Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment). AGAGE is distinguished by its capability to measure globally, at high frequency and multiple sites, all the important species in the Montreal Protocol and all the important non-carbon dioxide (CO2) gases assessed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (CO2 is also measured at several sites). The scientific objectives of AGAGE are important in furthering understanding of global chemical and climatic phenomena. They are to: (1) measure accurately the temporal and spatial distributions of anthropogenic gases that contribute the majority of reactive halogen to the stratosphere and/or are strong infrared absorbers [chlorocarbons, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), bromocarbons, hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and polyfluorinated compounds (perfluorocarbons (PFCs), nitrogen trifluoride (NF3), sulfuryl fluoride (SO2F2), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6)), and use these measurements to determine the global rates of their emission and/or destruction (i.e. lifetimes); (2) measure accurately the global distributions and temporal behaviors and determine sources and sinks of non-CO2 biogenic-anthropogenic gases important to climate change and/or ozone depletion [methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), carbon monoxide (CO), molecular hydrogen (H2), methyl chloride (CH3Cl) and methyl bromide (CH3Br); (3) identify new long-lived greenhouse and ozone-depleting gases [e.g. SO2F2, NF3, heavy PFCs (C4F10, C5F12, C6F14, C7F16, and C8F18) and hydrofluoro-olefins (HFOs, e.g. CH2 = CFCF3) have been identified in AGAGE], initiate real-time monitoring of these new gases, and reconstruct their past histories from AGAGE, air-archive and firn-air measurements; (4) determine the average concentrations and trends of tropospheric hydroxyl radicals (OH) from the rates of destruction of atmospheric trichloroethane (CH3CCl3), HFCs and HCFCs, and estimates of their emissions; (5) determine from atmospheric observations and estimates of their destruction rates, the magnitudes, and distributions by region of surface sources/sinks of all measured gases; (6) provide accurate data on the global accumulation of many of these trace gases, that are used to test the synoptic/regional/global-scale circulations predicted by three-dimensional models; and (7) provide global and regional measurements of methane, carbon monoxide and molecular hydrogen, and estimates of hydroxyl levels, to test primary atmospheric oxidation pathways at mid-latitudes and the tropics. Network Information and Data Repository: or
Citation: Prinn, R. G., Weiss, R. F., Arduini, J., Arnold, T., DeWitt, H. L., Fraser, P. J., Ganesan, A. L., Gasore, J., Harth, C. M., Hermansen, O., Kim, J., Krummel, P. B., Li, S., Loh, Z. M., Lunder, C. R., Maione, M., Manning, A. J., Miller, B. R., Mitrevski, B., Mühle, J., O'Doherty, S., Park, S., Reimann, S., Rigby, M., Saito, T., Salameh, P. K., Schmidt, R., Simmonds, P. G., Steele, L. P., Vollmer, M. K., Wang, R. H., Yao, B., Yokouchi, Y., Young, D., and Zhou, L.: History of Chemically and Radiatively Important Atmospheric Gases from the Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment (AGAGE), Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss.,, in review, 2018.
Ronald G. Prinn et al.
Ronald G. Prinn et al.

Data sets

The ALE / GAGE / AGAGE Network (DB1001) R. G. Prinn, R. F. Weiss, P. B. Krummel, S. O'Doherty, P. J. Fraser, J. Mühle, S. Reimann, M. K. Vollmer, P. G. Simmonds, M. Maione, J. Arduini, C. R. Lunder, N. Schmidbauer, D. Young, H. J. Wang, J. Huang, M. Rigby, C. M. Harth, P. K. Salameh, T. G. Spain, L. P. Steele, T. Arnold, J. Kim, O. Hermansen, N. Derek, B. Mitrevski, and R. Langenfelds
Ronald G. Prinn et al.


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