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Earth System Science Data The Data Publishing Journal
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
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Review article
28 Feb 2017
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This discussion paper is a preprint. A revision of this manuscript was accepted for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD) and is expected to appear here in due course.
The ACER pollen and charcoal database: a global resource to document vegetation and fire response to abrupt climate changes during the last glacial period
Maria Fernanda Sánchez Goñi1,2, Stéphanie Desprat1,2, Anne-Laure Daniau3, Franck C. Bassinot4, Josué M. Polanco-Martínez2,5, Sandy P. Harrison6,7, Judy R. M. Allen8, R. Scott Anderson9, Hermann Behling10, Raymonde Bonnefille11, Francesc Burjachs12, José S. Carrión13, Rachid Cheddadi14, James S. Clark15, Nathalie Combourieu-Nebout16, Colin J. Courtney-Mustaphi17, George H. Debusk18, Lydie M. Dupont19, Jemma M. Finch20, William J. Fletcher21, Marco Giardini22, Catalina González23, William D. Gosling24, Laurie D. Grigg25, Eric C. Grimm26, Ryoma Hayashi27, Karin Helmens28, Linda E. Heusser29, Trevor Hill20, Geoffrey Hope30, Brian Huntley8, Yaeko Igarashi31, Tomohisa Irino32, Bonnie Jacobs33, Gonzalo Jiménez-Moreno34, Sayuri Kawai35, Peter Kershaw36, Fujio Kumon37, Ian T. Lawson38, Marie-Pierre Ledru14, Anne-Marie Lézine39, Ping Mei Liew40, Donatella Magri22, Robert Marchant17, Vasiliki Margari41, Francis E. Mayle42, Merna McKenzie36, Patrick Moss43, Stefanie Müller44, Ulrich C. Müller45, Filipa Naughton46,47, Rewi M. Newnham48, Tadamichi Oba49, Ramón Pérez-Obiol50, Roberta Pini51, Cesare Ravazzi51, Katy H. Roucoux38, Stephen M. Rucina52, Louis Scott53, Hikaru Takahara54, Polichronis C. Tzedakis41, Dunia H. Urrego55, Bas van Geel56, B. Guido Valencia57, Marcus J. Vandergoes58, Annie Vincens11, Cathy L. Whitlock59, Debra A. Willard60, and Masanobu Yamamoto49 1EPHE, PSL Research University, Laboratoire Paléoclimatologie et Paléoenvironnements Marins, F-33615 Pessac, France
2Univ. Bordeaux, EPOC, UMR 5805, F-33615 Pessac, France
3Univ. Bordeaux, EPOC, UMR 5805, F-33615 Pessac, France
4Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement, LSCE/IPSL, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, Université Paris-Saclay, F-91191, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
5Basque Centre for Climate Change – BC3, 48940 Leioa, Spain
6Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, North Ryde, NSW, Australia
7School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Sciences (SAGES), Reading University, Whiteknights, Reading, RG6 6AB, UK
8Department of Biosciences, Durham Univ., South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
9Environmental Programs, School of Earth Sciences & Environmental Sustainability, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86011, USA
10Department of Palynology and Climate Dynamics, Albrecht-von-Haller Institute for Plant Sciences, University of Göttingen, Germany
11CEREGE (UMR 6635), Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, IRD, Collège de France, Europole de l’Arbois, BP80, 13545 Aix-en-Provence, France
12ICREA Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social, Campus Sescelades URV, W3, 43007 Tarragona, Spain
13Departamento de Biología Vegetal, Facultad de Biología, Universidad de Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
14Institut des Sciences de l’Evolution de Montpellier, UMR 5554 Université Montpellier 2, Bat.22, CC061, Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
15Duke Trinity College of Art & Sciences, Durham, NC 27708, USA
16UMR 7194 CNRS, Histoire naturelle de l'Homme Préhistorique, Département de Préhistoire, Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, France
17The York Institute for Tropical Ecosystem Dynamics (KITE), Environment Department, University of York, York, Heslington, YO10 5DD
18UK,Department of Zoology, Duke University, Box 90325, Durham, NC 27708–0325 USA
19MARUM – Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, D-28359 Bremen, Germany
20Discipline of Geography, School of Agricultural, Earth & Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
21Quaternary Environments and Geoarchaeology, Geography, School of Environment and Development, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
22Dipartimento di Biologia Ambientale, Sapienza Università di Roma, Italy
23Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad de los Andes, A.A. 4976 Bogotá, Colombia
24Palaeoecology & Landscape Ecology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
25Geology and Environmental Science Department, Norwich University, VT 05663, USA
26University of Minnesota, Department of Earth Sciences, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
27Lake Biwa 48 Museum, Oroshimocho1091, Kusatsu 525-0001, Japan
28Department of Physical Geography and the Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
29Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, Palisades, NY 10601, USA
30Department of Archaeology and Natural History, The Australian National University, Fellows Road, Acton ACT 0200
31Institute for Paleoenvironment of Northern Regions, Koyocho 3-7-5, Kitahiroshima 061-1134, Japan
32Geological Institute, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
33Roy M. Huffington Department of Earth Sciences, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX 75275-0395, USA
34Departamento de Estratigrafía y Paleontología, Universidad de Granada, 18071, Spain
35Institute of Mountain Science, Shinshu University, Asahi 3-1-1, Matsumoto 390-8621, Japan
36School of Geography & Environmental Science, Monash University, Clayton, Vic 3168, Australia
37Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Shinshu University, Asahi 3-1-1, Matsumoto 390-8621, Japan
38Department of Geography and Sustainable Development, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, KY16 9AL, UK
39LOCEAN – Laboratoire d'Océanographie et du Climat: Expérimentations et Approches Numériques, UPMC, Paris, France
40Department of Geosciences, National Taiwan University, 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Rd. Taipei 106, Taiwan, ROC
41Environmental Change Research Centre, Department of Geography, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
42Centre for Past Climate Change, Department of Geography and Environmental Science, University of Reading, Reading, UK
43School of Geography, Planning & Environmental Management, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia
44Freie Universität Berlin, Geological Sciences, Palaeontology Section, Berlin, Germany
45Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre, Senckenberganlage 25, 60325 Frankfurt, Germany
46Center of Marine Sciences (CCMAR), Algarve University, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal
47Portuguese Sea and Atmosphere Institute (IPMA), Rua Alfredo Magalhães Ramalho 6, 1495-006 Lisboa, Portugal
48School of Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, PO Box 600, Wellington 6140, New Zealand
49Graduate School of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, N10-W5 Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan
50Unitat de Botànica, Facultat de Biociències, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
51C.N.R. – Istituto per la Dinamica dei Processi Ambientali, Laboratorio di Palinologia e Paleoecologia, Piazza della Scienza 1, 20126 Milano, Italy
52Department of Earth Sciences, Palynology and Palaeobotany Section, National Museums of Kenya, P.O. Box 40658, Nairobi, 00100, Kenya
53Department of Plant Sciences, University of the Free State, P.O Box 339, Bloemfontein, South Africa
54Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Kyoto Prefectural University, 1-5 Hangi-cho, Shimogamo, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8522, Japan
55Department of Geography, University of Exeter, Amory Building, Rennes Drive, Exeter, EX4 4RJ, UK
56Department of Paleoecology and Landscape Ecology, Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
57Department of Biological Sciences, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL, USA
58GNS Science1 Fairway Drive, Avalon PO Box 30-368, Lower Hutt, New Zealand
59Department of Earth Sciences, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA
60U.S. Geological Survey, 926A National Center, Reston, VA 20192, USA
Abstract. Quaternary records provide an opportunity to examine the nature of the vegetation and fire responses to rapid past climate changes comparable in velocity and magnitude to those expected in the 21st century. The best documented examples of rapid climate change in the past are the warming events associated with the Dansgaard-Oeschger (D-O) cycles during the last glacial period, which were sufficiently large to have had a potential feedback through changes in albedo and greenhouse gas emissions on climate. Previous reconstructions of vegetation and fire changes during the D-O cycles used independently constructed age models, making it difficult to compare the changes between different sites and regions. Here we present the ACER (Abrupt Climate Changes and Environmental Responses) global database which includes 93 pollen records from the last glacial period (73–15 ka) with a temporal resolution better than 1,000 years, 32 of which also provide charcoal records. A harmonized and consistent chronology based on radiometric dating (14C, 234U/230Th, OSL, 40Ar/39Ar dated tephra layers) has been constructed for 86 of these records, although in some cases additional information was derived using common control points based on event stratigraphy. The ACER database compiles metadata including geospatial and dating information, pollen and charcoal counts and pollen percentages of the characteristic biomes, and is archived in Microsoft AccessTM at doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.870867.

Citation: Sánchez Goñi, M. F., Desprat, S., Daniau, A.-L., Bassinot, F. C., Polanco-Martínez, J. M., Harrison, S. P., Allen, J. R. M., Anderson, R. S., Behling, H., Bonnefille, R., Burjachs, F., Carrión, J. S., Cheddadi, R., Clark, J. S., Combourieu-Nebout, N., Courtney-Mustaphi, C. J., Debusk, G. H., Dupont, L. M., Finch, J. M., Fletcher, W. J., Giardini, M., González, C., Gosling, W. D., Grigg, L. D., Grimm, E. C., Hayashi, R., Helmens, K., Heusser, L. E., Hill, T., Hope, G., Huntley, B., Igarashi, Y., Irino, T., Jacobs, B., Jiménez-Moreno, G., Kawai, S., Kershaw, P., Kumon, F., Lawson, I. T., Ledru, M.-P., Lézine, A.-M., Liew, P. M., Magri, D., Marchant, R., Margari, V., Mayle, F. E., McKenzie, M., Moss, P., Müller, S., Müller, U. C., Naughton, F., Newnham, R. M., Oba, T., Pérez-Obiol, R., Pini, R., Ravazzi, C., Roucoux, K. H., Rucina, S. M., Scott, L., Takahara, H., Tzedakis, P. C., Urrego, D. H., van Geel, B., Valencia, B. G., Vandergoes, M. J., Vincens, A., Whitlock, C. L., Willard, D. A., and Yamamoto, M.: The ACER pollen and charcoal database: a global resource to document vegetation and fire response to abrupt climate changes during the last glacial period, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss.,, in review, 2017.
Maria Fernanda Sánchez Goñi et al.

Data sets

The ACER pollen and charcoal database: a global resource to document vegetation and fire response to abrupt climate changes during the last glacial period
M. F. Sánchez Goñi, S. Desprat, A.-L. Daniau, F. Bassinot, J. M. Polanco-Martinez, S. P. Harrison, J. R. P. Allen, R. S. Anderson, H. Behling, R. Bonnefille, F. Burjachs, J. S. Carrión, R. Cheddadi, J. Clark, N. Combourieu-Nebout, C. Courtney-Mustaphi, G. H. DeBusk Jr., L. M. Dupont, J. Finch, W. J. Fletcher, M. Giardini, C. González, W. D. Gosling, L. Grigg, E. C. Grimm, R. Hayashi, K. Helmens, L. E. Heusser, T. Hill, G. Hope, B. Huntley, Y. Igarashi, T. Irino, B. F. Jacobs, G. Jiménez-Moreno, S. Kawai, P. Kershaw, F. Kumon, I. Lawson, M.-P. Ledru, A.-M. Lézine, P.-M. Liew, D. Magri, R. Marchant, V. Margari, F. Mayle, M. McKenzie, P. Moss, S. Müller, U. C. Müller, F. Naughton, R. Newnham, T. Oba, R. Pérez-Obiol, R. Pini, C. Ravazzi, K. H. Roucoux, S. Rucina, L. Scott, H. Takahara, P. C. Tzedakis, D. H. Urrego, B. van Geel, B. G. Valencia, M. J. Vandergoes, A. Vincens, C. Whitlock, D. A. Willard, and M. Yamamoto
Maria Fernanda Sánchez Goñi et al.


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Short summary
The ACER (Abrupt Climate Changes and Environmental Responses) global database includes 93 pollen records from the last glacial period (73–15 ka), 32 of which also provide charcoal records, plotted against a common chronology. This database allows the reconstruction of the regional expression of past abrupt climate changes, which are comparable to those expected in the 21st century. This work is a major contribution for understanding the processes behind rapid climate change.
The ACER (Abrupt Climate Changes and Environmental Responses) global database includes 93 pollen...