Journal cover Journal topic
Earth System Science Data The Data Publishing Journal
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2017-62
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
 
10 Aug 2017
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD).
Webcam network and image database for studies of phenological changes of vegetation and snow cover in Finland, image time series from 2014–2016
Mikko Peltoniemi1, Mika Aurela2, Kristin Böttcher3, Pasi Kolari4, John Loehr5, Jouni Karhu6, Maiju Linkosalmi2, Cemal Melih Tanis2, Juha-Pekka Tuovinen2, and Ali Nadir Arslan2 1Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), Latokartanonkaari 9, FIN-00790, Helsinki, Finland
2Finnish Meteorological Institute, Erik Palménin aukio 1, FI-00560
3Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), Mechelininkatu 34a, FIN-00251 Helsinki, Finland
4Department of Physics, PO Box 68, 000 14 University of Helsinki
5Lammi Biological Station, University of Helsinki, Pääjärventie 320, 16900 Lammi, Finland
6Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), Paavo Havaksen tie 3, 90014 Oulun yliopisto
Abstract. In recent years, monitoring of the status of ecosystems using low-cost web (IP) or time lapse cameras has received wide interest. Networked cameras can provide information about snow cover and vegetation status with a broad spatial coverage and high temporal resolution, and serve as ground truths to earth observations, and be useful for gap-filling of cloudy areas in earth observation time series. Networked cameras can also play an important role in supplementing laborious phenological field surveys and citizen-science projects, which also suffer from observer-dependent observation bias. We established a network of digital surveillance cameras for automated monitoring of phenological activity of vegetation and snow cover in the boreal ecosystems of Finland. Cameras were mounted at 14 sites, each site having 1–3 cameras. Here, we document the network, basic camera information and access to images (see, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.777952) in the permanent data repository (https://www.zenodo.org/communities/phenology_camera/). Individual DOI-referenced image time series from cameras are consisted of half-hourly images collected between 2014 and 2016. Additionally, we present example colour index time series derived from image time series from two contrasting sites.

Citation: Peltoniemi, M., Aurela, M., Böttcher, K., Kolari, P., Loehr, J., Karhu, J., Linkosalmi, M., Tanis, C. M., Tuovinen, J.-P., and Arslan, A. N.: Webcam network and image database for studies of phenological changes of vegetation and snow cover in Finland, image time series from 2014–2016, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2017-62, in review, 2017.
Mikko Peltoniemi et al.
Mikko Peltoniemi et al.

Data sets

Datasheet of ecosystem cameras installed in Finland in Monimet Life+ project
M. Peltoniemi, M. Aurela, K. Böttcher, P. Kolari, M. Linkosalmi, J. Loehr, C. M. Tanis, and A. N. Arslan
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.777952
Phenological time lapse images from ground camera MC101 in Tammela Spruce stand (2014-2016)
M. Peltoniemi, M. Aurela, K. Böttcher, P. Kolari, M. Linkosalmi, J. Loehr, C. M. Tanis, and A. N. Arslan
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815454
Phenological time lapse images from crown camera MC102 in Tammela Spruce stand (2014-2014)
M. Peltoniemi, M. Aurela, K. Böttcher, P. Kolari, M. Linkosalmi, J. Loehr, C. M. Tanis, and A. N. Arslan
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815456
Phenological time lapse images from ground camera MC103 in Punkaharju Spruce stand (2014-2016)
M. Peltoniemi, M. Aurela, K. Böttcher, P. Kolari, M. Linkosalmi, J. Loehr, C. M. Tanis, and A. N. Arslan
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815460
Phenological time lapse images from crown camera MC104 in Punkaharju Spruce stand (2014-2016)
M. Peltoniemi, M. Aurela, K. Böttcher, P. Kolari, M. Linkosalmi, J. Loehr, C. M. Tanis, and A. N. Arslan
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815462
Phenological time lapse images from landscape camera MC105 in Punkaharju Spruce stand (2014-2016)
M. Peltoniemi, M. Aurela, K. Böttcher, P. Kolari, M. Linkosalmi, J. Loehr, C. M. Tanis, and A. N. Arslan
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815464
Phenological time lapse images from crown camera MC106 in Hyytiälä Pine stand (2014-2016)
P. Kolari, M. Peltoniemi, M. Aurela, K. Böttcher, A. N. Arslan, and C. M. Tanis
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815559
Phenological time lapse images from ground camera MC107 in Hyytiälä Pine stand (2014-2016)
P. Kolari, M. Peltoniemi, M. Aurela, K. Böttcher, C. M. Tanis, amd A. N. Arslan
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815557
Phenological time lapse images from landscape camera MC112 in Parkano Mixed stand (2015-2016)
M. Peltoniemi, M. Aurela, K. Böttcher, P. Kolari, C. M. Tanis, and A. N. Arslan
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815487
Phenological time lapse images from canopy camera MC113 in Suonenjoki Pine stand (2015-2016)
M. Peltoniemi, M. Aurela, K. Böttcher, P. Kolari, C. M. Tanis, and A. N. Arslan
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815489
Phenological time lapse images from landscape camera MC117 in Paljakka Spruce stand (2015-2016)
M. Peltoniemi, J. Karhu, M. Aurela, K. Böttcher, P. Kolari, A. N. Arslan, and C. M. Tanis
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815529
Phenological time lapse images from landscape camera MC118 in Paljakka Spruce stand (2015-2016)
M. Peltoniemi, J. Karhu, M. Aurela, K. Böttcher, P. Kolari, A. N. Arslan, and C. M. Tanis
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815527
Phenological time lapse images from canopy camera MC119 in Värriö Pine stand (2015-2016)
P. Kolari, M. Peltoniemi, M. Aurela, K. Böttcher, C. M. Tanis, and A. N. Arslan
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815532
Phenological time lapse images from crown camera MC120 in Värriö Pine stand (2015-2016)
P. Kolari, M. Peltoniemi, M. Aurela, K. Böttcher, C. M. Tanis, and A. N. Arslan
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815534
Phenological time lapse images from landscape camera MC117-1 in Paljakka Spruce stand (2016-2016)
M. Peltoniemi, J. Karhu, M. Aurela, K. Böttcher, P. Kolari, C. M. Tanis, and A. N. Arslan
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815525
Phenological time lapse images from ground camera MC121 in Värriö Pine stand (2015-2016)
P. Kolari, M. Peltoniemi, M. Aurela, K. Böttcher, C. M. Tanis, and A. N. Arslan
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815536
Phenological time lapse images from crown camera MC122 in Lammi Birch stand (2015-2016)
J. Loehr, K. Böttcher, M. Aurela, P. Kolari, C. M. Tanis, A. N. Arslan, and M. Peltoniemi
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815538
Phenological time lapse images from crown camera MC123 in Lammi Birch stand (2015-2016)
J. Loehr, K. Böttcher, M. Aurela, P. Kolari, C. M. Tanis, A. N. Arslan, and M. Peltoniemi
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815540
Phenological time lapse images from landscape camera MC124 in Lammi Mixed stand (2015-2016)
J. Loehr, K. Böttcher, M. Aurela, P. Kolari, C. M. Tanis, A. N. Arslan, and M. Peltoniemi
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815542
Phenological time lapse images from landscape camera MC125 in Lammi Mixed stand (2015-2016)
J. Loehr, K. Böttcher, M. Aurela, P. Kolari, C. M. Tanis, A. N. Arslan, and M. Peltoniemi
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815544
Phenological time lapse images from ground camera MC126 in Lammi Birch stand (2015-2016)
J. Loehr, K. Böttcher, M. Aurela, P. Kolari, C. M. Tanis, A. N. Arslan, and M. Peltoniemi
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815546
Phenological time lapse images from ground camera MC127 in Lammi Birch stand (2015-2016)
J. Loehr, K. Böttcher, M. Aurela, P. Kolari, C. M. Tanis, A. N. Arslan, and M. Peltoniemi
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815548
Phenological time lapse images from ground camera MC129 in Lompolojänkkä Peatland (2015-2016)
M. Aurela, C. M. Tanis, A. N. Arslan, M. Linkosalmi, J. Rainne, P. Kolari, K. Böttcher, and M. Peltoniemi
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815555
Phenological time lapse images from landscape camera MC130 in Tvärminne Archipelago shore (2015-2016)
K. Böttcher, M. Peltoniemi, M. Aurela, C. M. Tanis, P. Kolari, A. N. Arslan, and J. Norkko
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815550
Phenological time lapse images from ground camera MC128 in Kaamanen Peatland (2015-2016)
M. Aurela, C. M. Tanis, A. N. Arslan, M. Linkosalmi, J. Rainne, P. Kolari, K. Böttcher, and M. Peltoniemi
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815553
Phenological time lapse images from ground camera MC116 in Kenttärova Spruce stand (2015-2016)
M. Aurela, M. Linkosalmi, C. M. Tanis, A. N. Arslan, J. Rainne, P. Kolari, K. Böttcher, and M. Peltoniemi
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815521
Phenological time lapse images from crown camera MC115 in Kenttärova Spruce stand (2015-2016)
M. Aurela, M. Linkosalmi, C. M. Tanis, A. N. Arslan, J. Rainne, P. Kolari, K. Böttcher, and M. Peltoniemi
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815523
Phenological time lapse images from canopy camera MC114 in Kenttärova Spruce stand (2015-2016)
M. Aurela, M. Linkosalmi, C. M. Tanis, A. N. Arslan, J. Rainne, P. Kolari, K. Böttcher, and M. Peltoniemi
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815519
Phenological time lapse images from ground camera MC111 in Sodankylä, peatland Peatland (2014-2016)
M. Aurela, M. Linkosalmi, C. M. Tanis, A. N. Arslan, J. Rainne, P. Kolari, K. Böttcher, and M. Peltoniemi
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815485
Phenological time lapse images from ground camera MC110 in Sodankylä Pine stand (2014-2016)
M. Aurela, M. Linkosalmi, C. M. Tanis, A. N. Arslan, J. Rainne, P. Kolari, K. Böttcher, and M. Peltoniemi
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815483
Phenological time lapse images from crown camera MC109 in Sodankylä Pine stand (2014-2016)
M. Aurela, M. Linkosalmi, C. M. Tanis, A. N. Arslan, J. Rainne, P. Kolari, K. Böttcher, and M. Peltoniemi
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815481
Phenological time lapse images from canopy camera MC108 in Sodankylä Pine stand (2014-2016)
M. Aurela, M. Linkosalmi, C. M. Tanis, A. N. Arslan, J. Rainne, P. Kolari, K. Böttcher, and M. Peltoniemi
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815479
Phenological time lapse images from canopy camera MC100 in Tammela Spruce stand (2014-2016)
M. Peltoniemi, M. Aurela, K. Böttcher, P. Kolari, C. M. Tanis, and A. N. Arslan
https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.815450
Mikko Peltoniemi et al.

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Short summary
Monitoring ecosystems using low-cost time lapse cameras has gained wide interest among researchers worldwide. Quantitative information stored in image pixels can be analysed automatically to track time-dependent phenomena, e.g. seasonal course of leaves in the canopies or snow on ground. As such, cameras can provide valuable ground references to earth observation. Here we document the ecosystem camera network we established to Finland and publish time series of images recorded between 2014–2016.
Monitoring ecosystems using low-cost time lapse cameras has gained wide interest among...
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