Journal cover Journal topic
Earth System Science Data The Data Publishing Journal
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2017-80
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
 
24 Aug 2017
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. A revision of this manuscript was accepted for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD) and is expected to appear here in due course.
Continuous national Gross Domestic Product (GDP) time series for 195 countries: past observations (1850–2005) harmonized with future projections according to the Shared Socio-economic Pathways (2006–2100)
Tobias Geiger Potsdam Institute for Climate Impacts Research, Telegraphenberg A 56, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
Abstract. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) represents a widely used metric to compare economic development across time and space. GDP estimates have been routinely assembled only since the beginning of the second half of the 20th century, making comparisons with prior periods cumbersome or even impossible. In recent years various efforts have been put forward to re-estimate national GDP for specific years in the past centuries and even millennia, providing new insights of past economic development on a snapshot basis. In order to make this wealth of data utilizable across research disciplines, we here present a first continuous and consistent data set of GDP time series for 195 countries from 1850 to 2009, based mainly on data from the Maddison Project and other population and GDP sources. The GDP data is consistent with Penn World Tables v8.1 and future GDP projections from the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs), and freely available at https://doi.org/10.5880/pik.2017.003. To ease usability, we additionally provide GPD per capita data and further supplementary and data description files in the online archive. We utilize various methods to handle missing data and discuss the advantages and limitations of our methodology. Despite known shortcomings this data set provides valuable input e.g. for climate impact research in order to consistently analyze economic impacts from pre-industrial times to the future.
Citation: Geiger, T.: Continuous national Gross Domestic Product (GDP) time series for 195 countries: past observations (1850–2005) harmonized with future projections according to the Shared Socio-economic Pathways (2006–2100), Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2017-80, in review, 2017.
Tobias Geiger
Interactive discussionStatus: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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RC1: 'Review Comments', Anonymous Referee #1, 25 Sep 2017 Printer-friendly Version 
AC1: 'Full reply to Referee 1', Tobias Geiger, 20 Feb 2018 Printer-friendly Version Supplement 
 
RC2: 'Review of Paper', Anonymous Referee #2, 23 Jan 2018 Printer-friendly Version 
AC2: 'Full reply to Referee 2', Tobias Geiger, 20 Feb 2018 Printer-friendly Version Supplement 
Tobias Geiger

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Continuous national Gross Domestic Product (GDP) time series for 195 countries: past observations (1850-2005) harmonized with future projections according the Shared Socio-economic Pathways (2006-2100) T. Geiger and K. Frieler https://doi.org/10.5880/pik.2017.003
Tobias Geiger

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Short summary
National economic development is usually measured as Gross Domestic Product (GDP), a quantity that is regularly available since 1960 only. However, many users of economic data require longer time series that are easily accessible and ready-to-use, also by non-experts. This current paper joins various sources of sparsely available GDP estimates from earlier time periods to provide a continuous and complete coverage of national GDP for 195 countries since 1850 to the present.
National economic development is usually measured as Gross Domestic Product (GDP), a quantity...
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