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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2018-126
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2018-126
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  02 Jan 2019

02 Jan 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD).

Fifty years of recorded hillslope runoff on seasonally-frozen ground: The Swift Current, Saskatchewan, Canada dataset

Anna E. Coles1,2, Jeffrey J. McDonnell1,3, and Brian G. McConkey4 Anna E. Coles et al.
  • 1Global Institute for Water Security, School of Environment and Sustainability, University of Saskatchewan, 11 Innovation Boulevard, Saskatoon, SK S7N 3H5, Canada
  • 2Wilfrid Laurier University, 5007 50th Avenue, Yellowknife, NT X1A 2P8, Canada
  • 3School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
  • 4Swift Current Research and Development Centre , Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, PO Box 1030, Swift Current, SK S9H 3X2, Canada

Abstract. Long records of hillslope runoff and nutrients are rare – on seasonally frozen ground they are almost non-existent. The Swift Current hillslopes at the Swift Current Research and Development Centre on the Canadian Prairies provide such a long-term hydrological record. Runoff, runoff nutrient concentration, snowpack, soil moisture, and soil nutrient concentration were monitored on the three 5ha hillslopes over a 50-year period (1962–2011). Runoff from the hillslopes was generated episodically during snowmelt and occasional rainfall events. Edge-of-field runoff was measured with a 0.61m H-flume. Daily runoff nutrient concentration data are available for nitrate (March 1971–April 2011), ammonium (February 1996–April 2011), and orthophosphate (March–April 1971; June 1991–April 2011). Snowpack data (snowpack depth, density and water equivalent) were determined via manual snow surveys carried out several times each winter, between January and March, between 1965 and 2011 Gravimetric soil moisture content was measured in October and April each year between 1971 and 2011 at five depth intervals (0–15, 15–30, 30–60, 60–90, and 90–120cm) at nine points on each hillslope. We summarize these hillslope data in two publically-available repositories: 1) 1962–2011 data on runoff, runoff nutrients, snowpack, soil moisture, soil nutrients, and crop and tillage practices at https://doi.org/10.23684/hhn5-rz52; and 2) digital elevation data at https://doi.org/10.20383/101.011. Complete climate data recorded at a Environment and Climate Change Canada meteorological station located 390m from the three hillslopes are publically-available at http://climate.weather.gc.ca/.

Anna E. Coles et al.
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Status: open (until 27 Feb 2019)
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