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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2018-149
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2018-149
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Review article 18 Dec 2018

Review article | 18 Dec 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD).

Present-day high-resolution ice velocity map of the Antarctic ice sheet

Qiang Shen1,3, Hansheng Wang1,3, C. K. Shum2,1, Liming Jiang1,3, Hou Tse Hsu1,3, Jinglong Dong1,3, Song Mao1,3, and Fan Gao1,3 Qiang Shen et al.
  • 1State Key Laboratory of Geodesy and Earth's Dynamics, Institute of Geodesy and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430077, China
  • 2Division of Geodetic Science, School of Earth Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
  • 3University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Abstract. Ice velocity constitutes a key parameter for estimating ice-sheet discharge rates and is crucial for improving coupled models of the Antarctic ice sheet to accurately predict its future fate and contribution to sea-level change. Here, we present a new Antarctic ice velocity map at a 100-m grid spacing inferred from Landsat 8 imagery data collected from December 2013 through March 2016 and robustly processed using the feature tracking method. These maps were assembled from over 73,000 displacement vector scenes inferred from over 32,800 optical images. Our maps cover nearly all the ice shelves, landfast ice, ice streams, and most of the ice sheet. The maps have an estimated uncertainty of less than 10 m yr-1 based on robust internal and external validations. These datasets will allow for a comprehensive continent-wide investigation of ice dynamics and mass balance combined with the existing and future ice velocity measurements and provide researchers access to better information for monitoring local changes in ice glaciers. Other uses of these datasets include control and calibration of ice-sheet modelling, developments in our understanding of Antarctic ice-sheet evolution, and improvements in the fidelity of projects investigating sea-level rise (https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.895738).

Qiang Shen et al.
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Qiang Shen et al.
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Present-day high-resolution ice velocity map of the Antarctic ice sheet Q. Shen, H. Wang, C. K. Shum, L. Jiang, H. T. Hsu, and J. Dong https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.895738

Qiang Shen et al.
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Short summary
Thorough and continued monitoring of ice-sheet dynamics is of utmost importance for accurate predictions of ice-sheet behavior in the future. We present a new Antarctic ice velocity map at a 100-m grid spacing inferred from Landsat 8 imagery data. The datasets will allow for a comprehensive continent-wide investigation of ice dynamics and mass balance with the existing and future ice velocity measurements, provide control and calibration for ice-sheet modelling.
Thorough and continued monitoring of ice-sheet dynamics is of utmost importance for accurate...
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