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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2018-153
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2018-153
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  08 Jan 2019

08 Jan 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD).

Long-term records of glacier surface velocities in the Ötztal Alps (Austria)

Martin Stocker-Waldhuber1,2, Andrea Fischer1, Kay Helfricht1, and Michael Kuhn3 Martin Stocker-Waldhuber et al.
  • 1Institute for Interdisciplinary Mountain Research, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Innsbruck, 6020, Austria
  • 2Department of Geography, Physical Geography, Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, 85072, Germany
  • 3Institute of Atmospheric and Cryospheric Sciences, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, 6020, Austria

Abstract. Climatic forcing affects glacier mass balance and ice flow dynamics on different time scales, resulting in length changes. Mass Balance and length changes are operationally used for glacier monitoring, whereas only a few time series of glacier dynamics have been recorded. With more than 100 years of measurements of ice flow velocities at stakes and stone lines on Hintereisferner and more than 50 years on Kesselwandferner, annual velocity and glacier fluctuation records have similar lengths. Subseasonal variations of ice flow velocities have been measured on Gepatschferner and Taschachferner for nearly a decade. The ice flow velocities on Hintereisferner and especially on Kesselwandferner show great variations between advancing and retreating periods, with magnitudes increasing from the highest to the lowest stakes, making ice flow records at ablation stakes a very sensitive indicator of glacier state. Since the end of the latest glacier advances from the 1970s to the 1980s, the ice flow velocities have decreased continuously, a strong indicator of the negative mass balances of the glaciers in recent decades. The velocity data sets of the four glaciers are available at https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.896741.

Martin Stocker-Waldhuber et al.
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Martin Stocker-Waldhuber et al.
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Glacier surface velocities in the Ötztal Alps (Austria). M. Stocker-Waldhuber, A. Fischer, K. Helfricht, M. Kuhn, H. Schneider, and N. Span https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.896741

Martin Stocker-Waldhuber et al.
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