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Earth System Science Data The Data Publishing Journal
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
16 Apr 2018
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD).
The SISAL database: a global resource to document oxygen and carbon isotope records from speleothems
Kamolphat Atsawawaranunt1, Laia Comas-Bru2, Sahar Amirnezhad Mozhdehi2, Michael Deininger2,3, Sandy P. Harrison1, Andy Baker4, Meighan Boyd5, Nikita Kaushal6, Syed Masood Ahmad7, Yassine Ait Brahim8, Monica Arienzo9, Petra Bajo10, Kerstin Braun11, Yuval Burstyn12, Sakonvan Chawchai13, Wuhui Duan14, István Gábor Hatvani15, Jun Hu16, Zoltán Kern15, Inga Labuhn17, Matthew Lachniet18, Franziska A. Lechleiter6, Andrew Lorrey19, Carlos Pérez-Mejías20, Robyn Pickering21, Nick Scroxton22, and SISAL Working Group Members23 1Centre for Past Climate Change and School of Archaeology, Geography & Environmental Sciences, Reading University, Whiteknights, Reading, RG6 6AH, UK
2School of Earth Sciences, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
3Institute of Geosciences, Johannes- Gutenberg- University Mainz, Johann-Joachim-Becher -Weg 21, 55128 Mainz, Germany
4School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Kensington 2052, Australia
5Department of Earth Sciences, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, UK
6Department of Earth Sciences, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3AN, UK
7National Geophysical Research Institute, Uppal Road, 500 007 Hyderabad, India
8Institute of Global Environmental Change, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
9Division of Hydrologic Sciences, Desert Research Institute, 2215 Raggio Parkway, 89512 Reno, NV, USA
10The University of Melbourne, Bouverie Street, 3010 Parkville, Australia
11Institute of Human Origins, Arizona State University, PO Box 874101, 85287 Tempe, Arizona, USA
12Institute of Earth Science/Geology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Edmond J. Safra campus, Givat Ram, 91904 Jerusalem, Israel and Geological Survey of Israel, 30 Malkhe Israel, Jerusalem, 95501, Israel
13Dept of Geology, Faculty of Sciences, Chulalongkorn Univerisity, 254 Phayathai Rd, Pathum Wan, 10330 Bangkok, Thailand
14Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 19 Beitucheng West Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, China
15Institute for Geological and Geochemical Research, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budaörsi út 45, 1112 Budapest, Hungary
16Department of Earth Sciences, University of Southern California, 3651 Trousdale Parkway, 90089 Los Angeles, California, USA
17Institute of Geography, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany
18Dept. of Geoscience, University of Nevada, Box 4010, 89154 Las Vegas, NV, USA
19Climate , Atmosphere and Hazards Centre, Nati onal Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research, 41 Market Place, Central Business District, 1010, Auckland, New Zealand
20Department of Geoenvironmental Processes and Global Change, Pyrenean Institute of Ecology (IPE -CSIC), Avda. Montañana 1005, 50059 Zaragoza, Spain
21Department of Geological Sciences, Human Evolutionary Research Institute, University of Cape Town, 7701 Rondebosch, Cape Town, South Africa
22Department of Geosciences, University of Massachusetts Amherst, 611 North Pleasant Street, 01003-9297 Amherst, MA, USA
23A full list of authors and their affiliations appears at the end of the paper.
Abstract. Stable isotope records from speleothems provide information on past climate changes, most particularly information that can be used to reconstruct past changes in precipitation and atmospheric circulation. These records are increasingly being used to provide “out-of-sample” evaluations of isotope-enabled climate models. SISAL (Speleothem Isotope Synthesis and Analysis) is an international working group of the Past Global Changes (PAGES) project. The working group aims to provide a comprehensive compilation of speleothem isotope records for climate reconstruction and model evaluation. The SISAL database contains data for individual speleothems, grouped by cave system. Stable isotopes of oxygen and carbon (δ18O, δ13C) measurements are referenced by distance from the top or youngest part of the speleothem. Additional tables provide information on dating, including information on the dates used to construct the original age model and sufficient information to assess the quality of each data set and to erect a standardized chronology across different speleothems. The metadata table provides location information, information about the full range of measurements carried out on each speleothem and information about the cave system that is relevant to the interpretation of the records, as well as citations for both publications and archived data. The compiled data are available at
Citation: Atsawawaranunt, K., Comas-Bru, L., Amirnezhad Mozhdehi, S., Deininger, M., Harrison, S. P., Baker, A., Boyd, M., Kaushal, N., Ahmad, S. M., Ait Brahim, Y., Arienzo, M., Bajo, P., Braun, K., Burstyn, Y., Chawchai, S., Duan, W., Hatvani, I. G., Hu, J., Kern, Z., Labuhn, I., Lachniet, M., Lechleiter, F. A., Lorrey, A., Pérez-Mejías, C., Pickering, R., Scroxton, N., and SISAL Working Group Members: The SISAL database: a global resource to document oxygen and carbon isotope records from speleothems, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss.,, in review, 2018.
Kamolphat Atsawawaranunt et al.
Kamolphat Atsawawaranunt et al.

Data sets

SISAL (Speleothem Isotopes Synthesis and AnaLysis Working Group) database Version 1.0 K. Atsawawaranunt, S. P. Harrison, and L. Comas Bru
Kamolphat Atsawawaranunt et al.


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