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Discussion papers | Copyright
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Review article 16 Feb 2018

Review article | 16 Feb 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD).

Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN): structure and data description (1992–2017)

Amelie Driemel1, John Augustine2, Klaus Behrens3,*, Sergio Colle4, Christopher Cox5, Emilio Cuevas-Agulló6, Fred M. Denn7, Thierry Duprat8, Masato Fukuda9, Hannes Grobe1, Martial Haeffelin10, Nicole Hyett11, Osamu Ijima9, Ain Kallis12, Wouter Knap13, Vasilii Kustov14, Charles N. Long2, David Longenecker2,*, Angelo Lupi15, Marion Maturilli16, Mohamed Mimouni17,*, Lucky Ntsangwane18, Hiroyuki Ogihara9, Xabier Olano19, Marc Olefs20, Masao Omori9, Lance Passamani11, Enio Bueno Pereira21, Holger Schmithüsen1, Stefanie Schumacher1, Rainer Sieger1,†, Jonathan Tamlyn22,*, Roland Vogt23, Laurent Vuilleumier24, Xiangao Xia25, Atsumu Ohmura26,*, and Gert König-Langlo1,* Amelie Driemel et al.
  • 1Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung, Bremerhaven, Germany
  • 2NOAA ESRL Global Monitoring Division, Boulder, CO, USA
  • 3Deutscher Wetterdienst, Meteorologisches Observatorium Lindenberg - Richard-Aßmann-Observatorium, Germany
  • 4Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brasil
  • 5CIRES/NOAA-ESRL Physical Sciences Division, Boulder, CO, USA
  • 6Izaña Atmospheric Research Center (AEMET), Tenerife, Spain
  • 7Science Systems and Applications, Inc., Lanham, USA
  • 8Meteo France, Carpentras, France
  • 9Japan Meteorological Agency, Tokio, Japan
  • 10Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique, Paris, France
  • 11Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne, Australia
  • 12Estonian Environment Agency, Toravere, Estonia
  • 13Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, De Bilt, Netherlands
  • 14Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • 15Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Research Council of Italy, Bologna, Italy
  • 16Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung, Potsdam, Germany
  • 17Office National de la Météorologie, Algier, Algeria
  • 18South African Weather Service, Pretoria, South Africa
  • 19National Renewable Energy Centre, Sarriguren, Spain
  • 20ZAMG - Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik, Vienna, Austria
  • 21Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, São José dos Campos, Brasil
  • 22Met Office, Exeter, Devon, UK
  • 23Meteorology Climatology and Remote Sensing, Department Environmental Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
  • 24Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology, MeteoSwiss, Payerne, Switzerland
  • 25LAGEO, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
  • 26Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
  • *retired
  • deceased

Abstract. Small changes in the radiation budget at the earth’s surface can lead to large climatological responses when persistent over time. With the increasing debate on anthropogenic influences on climatic processes during the 1980s the need for accurate radiometric measurements with higher temporal resolution was identified, and it was determined that the existing measurement networks did not have the resolution or accuracy required to meet this need. In 1988 the WMO therefore proposed the establishment of a new international Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN), which should collect and centrally archive high quality ground-based radiation measurements in 1-minute resolution. BSRN began its work in 1992 with 9 stations, currently (status 2018-01-01), the network comprises 59 stations (with data) and 9 candidates (stations recently accepted into the network with data forthcoming to the archive) distributed over all continents. The BSRN database is the World Radiation Monitoring Center. It is hosted at the Alfred Wegener Institute in Bremerhaven, Germany and now offers more than 10300 months of data from the years 1992 to 2017. All data are available at free of charge.

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Amelie Driemel et al.
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Amelie Driemel et al.
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Baseline surface radiation data (1992-2017) A. Driemel, J. Augustine, K. Behrens, S. Colle, C. J. Cox, E. Cuevas-Agulló, F. M. Denn, T. Duprat, E. G. Dutton, M. Fukuda, H. Grobe, M. Haeffelin, N. Hyett, O. Ijima, A. Kallis, W. Knap, V. Kustov, C. Lanconelli, C. Long, D. Longenecker, A. Lupi, M. Maturilli, M. Mimouni, L. Ntsangwane, H. Ogihara, X. Olano, M. Olefs, M. Omori, L. Passamani, E. B. Pereira, H. Schmithüsen, S. Schumacher, R. Sieger, J. Tamlyn, R. Vogt, L. Vuilleumier, X. Xia, and G. König-Langlo

Amelie Driemel et al.
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Short summary
The Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN), collects and centrally archives high quality ground-based radiation measurements in 1-minute resolution. More than 10 300 months, i.e. > 850 years, of high radiation data in one-minute resolution from the years 1992 to 2017 are available. The network currently comprises 59 stations collectively representing all seven continents as well as island-based stations in the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian and Arctic Oceans.
The Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN), collects and centrally archives high quality...