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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2018-90
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2018-90
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Review article 16 Aug 2018

Review article | 16 Aug 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. A revision of the manuscript is under review for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD).

Global CO2 Emissions from Cement Production

Robbie M. Andrew Robbie M. Andrew
  • CICERO Center for International Climate Research, Oslo 0349 , Norway

Abstract. Global production of cement has grown very rapidly in recent years, and after fossil fuels and land-use change, it is the third-largest source of anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide. The required data for estimating emissions from global cement production are poor, and it has been recognised that some global estimates are significantly inflated. Here we assemble a large variety of available datasets, prioritising official data and emission factors, including estimates submitted to the UNFCCC plus new estimates for China and India, to present a new analysis of global process emissions from cement production. We show that global process emissions in 2017 were 1.48±0.20Gt CO2, equivalent to about 4% of emissions from fossil fuels. Cumulative emissions from 1928 to 2017 were 36.9±2.3Gt CO2, 70% of which have occurred since 1990. Emissions in 2016 were 28% lower than those recently reported by the Global Carbon Project. The data associated with this article can be found at https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.831454.

Robbie M. Andrew
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Status: final response (author comments only)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Robbie M. Andrew
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Global CO2 emissions from cement production R. M. Andrew https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.831454

Robbie M. Andrew
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Short summary
Global production of cement has grown very rapidly in recent years, and after fossil fuels and land-use change, it is the third-largest source of society's emissions of carbon dioxide. This paper draws on a large variety of available datasets, prioritising official data and emission factors, to produce both global and country-level estimates of these 'process' emissions from cement production.
Global production of cement has grown very rapidly in recent years, and after fossil fuels and...
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