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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2019-152
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2019-152
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: review article 05 Sep 2019

Submitted as: review article | 05 Sep 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD).

Global CO2 emissions from cement production, 1928–2018

Robbie M. Andrew Robbie M. Andrew
  • CICERO Center for International Climate Research, Oslo 0349, Norway

Abstract. Global production of cement has grown very rapidly in recent years, and after fossil fuels and land-use change, it is the third-largest source of anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide. The availability of the required data for estimating emissions from global cement production is poor, and it has been recognised that some global estimates are significantly inflated. This article assembles a large variety of available datasets, prioritising official data and emission factors, including estimates submitted to the UNFCCC plus new estimates for China and India, to present a new analysis of global process emissions from cement production. Global process emissions in 2018 were 1.50 ± 0.12 Gt CO2, equivalent to about 4 % of emissions from fossil fuels. Cumulative emissions from 1928 to 2018 were 38.3 ± 2.4 Gt CO2, 71 % of which have occurred since 1990. The data associated with this article can be found at https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.831454 (Andrew, 2019).

Robbie M. Andrew
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Status: open (until 31 Oct 2019)
Status: open (until 31 Oct 2019)
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Robbie M. Andrew
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Global CO2 emissions from cement production R. M. Andrew https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.831454

Robbie M. Andrew
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Short summary
Global production of cement has grown very rapidly in recent years, and after fossil fuels and land-use change, it is the third-largest source of society's emissions of carbon dioxide. This paper draws on a large variety of available datasets, prioritising official data and emission factors, to produce both global and country-level estimates of these "process" emissions from cement production.
Global production of cement has grown very rapidly in recent years, and after fossil fuels and...
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