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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2019-160
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2019-160
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: data description paper 11 Sep 2019

Submitted as: data description paper | 11 Sep 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD).

Green Edge ice camp campaigns: understanding the processes controlling the under-ice Arctic phytoplankton spring bloom

Philippe Massicotte1, Rémi Amiraux1,2, Marie-Pier Amyot1, Philippe Archambault1,3, Mathieu Ardyna4,5, Laurent Arnaud6, Lise Artigue7, Cyril Aubry1, Pierre Ayotte8,9,10, Guislain Bécu1, Simon Bélanger11, Ronald Benner12, Henry C. Bittig4,13, Annick Bricaud4, Éric Brossier14, Flavienne Bruyant1, Laurent Chauvaud2, Debra Christiansen-Stowe15, Hervé Claustre4, Véronique Cornet-Barthaux16, Pierre Coupel1, Christine Cox14, Aurelie Delaforge17, Thibaud Dezutter1, Céline Dimier18, Florent Dominé1, Francis Dufour1, Christiane Dufresne19,20,3, Dany Dumont19,20,3, Jens Ehn17, Brent Else21, Joannie Ferland1, Marie-Hélène Forget1, Louis Fortier1, Martí Galí1, Virginie Galindo19,20,3, Morgane Gallinari2, Nicole Garcia16, Catherine Gérikas-Ribeiro22,23, Margaux Gourdal1, Priscilla Gourvil24, Clemence Goyens25, Pierre-Luc Grondin1, Pascal Guillot26, Caroline Guilmette1, Marie-Noëlle Houssais27, Fabien Joux28, Léo Lacour1, Thomas Lacour29, Augustin Lafond16, José Lagunas1, Catherine Lalande1, Julien Laliberté1, Simon Lambert-Girard1, Jade Larivière1, Johann Lavaud1, Florence Le Gall22, Anita LeBaron1, Karine Leblanc16, Justine Legras16, Mélanie Lemire8,30,10, Maurice Levasseur1,3, Edouard Leymarie4, Aude Leynaert2, Adriana Lopes dos Santos31, Antonio Lourenço32, David Mah31, Claudie Marec1,33, Dominique Marie34, Nicolas Martin32, Constance Marty14, Sabine Marty35, Guillaume Massé1, Atsushi Matsuoka1, Lisa Matthes17, Brivaela Moriceau2, Pierre-Emmanuel Muller14, Christopher J. Mundy17, Griet Neukermans1,4, Laurent Oziel1,4, Christos Panagiotopoulos16, Jean-Jacques Pangazi14, Ghislain Picard36, Marc Picheral4, France Pinczon du Sel14, Nicole Pogorzelec17, Ian Probert24, Bernard Queguiner16, Patrick Raimbault16, Joséphine Ras4, Eric Rehm1, Erin Reimer1, Jean-François Rontani16, Søren Rysgaard17, Blanche Saint-Béat1, Makoto Sampei37, Julie Sansoulet1, Sabine Schmidt38, Richard Sempéré26, Caroline Sévigny39, Yuan Shen40,41, Margot Tragin34, Jean-Éric Tremblay1, Daniel Vaulot34,31, Gauthier Verin1, Frédéric Vivier32, Anda Vladoiu42,43, Jeremy Whitehead21, and Marcel Babin1 Philippe Massicotte et al.
  • 1UMI Takuvik, CNRS/Université Laval, Québec, QC Canada
  • 2Univ Brest, CNRS, IRD, Ifremer, LEMAR, 29280 Plouzane, France
  • 3Québec-Océan, Canada
  • 4Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche, LOV, 06230 Villefranche-sur-Mer, France
  • 5Department of Earth System Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA
  • 6UMR 5001, IGE, CNRS, Grenoble, France
  • 7LEGOS, University of Toulouse, CNRS, CNES, IRD, UPS, 31400 Toulouse, France
  • 8Axe Santé des populations et pratiques optimales en santé, Centre de recherche du CHU de Québec - Université Laval, Canada
  • 9Centre de toxicologie du Québec, INSPQ, Canada
  • 10Département de médecine sociale et préventive, Université Laval, Québec QC, Canada
  • 11Département de Biologie, Chimie et Géographie (groupes BORÉAS et Québec-Océan), Université du Québec à Rimouski, 300 allé des Ursulines, Rimouski, QC, G5L 3A1, Canada
  • 12University of South Carolina, Department of Biological sciences, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
  • 13Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde, IOW, Rostock-Warnemünde, Germany
  • 14Independent collaborator
  • 15Institut nordique du Québec, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada
  • 16Aix-Marseille Univ., Université de Toulon, CNRS, IRD, MIO, UM110, Marseille, 13288, France
  • 17Centre for Earth Observation Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
  • 18FR3761, Institut de la Mer de Villefranche, CNRS, 06230 Villefranche-sur-mer, France
  • 19Institut des sciences de la mer de Rimouski, Quebec, Canada
  • 20Université du Québec à Rimouski, Quebec, Canada
  • 21Department of Geography, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
  • 22CNRS, Sorbonne Université, UMR7144, Team ECOMAP, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Roscoff, France
  • 23GEMA Center for Genomics, Ecology & Environment, Universidad Mayor, Camino La Pirámide, 5750, Huechuraba, Santiago, Chile
  • 24Sorbonne Université, CNRS, FR2424, Centre de Ressources Biologiques Marines, Station Biologique de Roscoff, France
  • 25Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (RBINS), Operational Directorate Natural Environment, 29 Rue Vautierstraat, 1000 Brussels, Belgium
  • 26Québec Océan & Amundsen Science, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada
  • 27LOCEAN, CNRS/Sorbonne Université/IRD/MNHN, 4 placeJussieu, 75005 Paris, France
  • 28Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Laboratoire d’Océanographie Microbienne (LOMIC), Observatoire Océanologique de Banyuls, 66650 Banyuls/mer, France
  • 29IFREMER, Physiology and Biotechnology of Algae Laboratory, rue de l’Ile d’Yeu, 44311, Nantes, France
  • 30Institut de biologie intégrative et des systèmes, Quebec, Canada
  • 31Asian School of the Environment, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798, Singapore
  • 32LOCEAN-IPSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France
  • 33UnivBrest, CNRS, IUEM, UMS3113, 29280 Plouzane, France
  • 34UMR 7144, Sorbonne Université and CNRS, Station Biologique, 29680 Roscoff, France
  • 35Norwegian institute for water research, Gaustadalleen 21, 0349 Oslo, Norway
  • 36Institut des Géosciences de l’Environnement 54, rue Molière 38402 - SaintMartin d’Hères, France
  • 37Faculty of fisheries sciences, Hokkaido University, Hakodate, Japan
  • 38UMR CNRS 5805 EPOC - OASU, Université de Bordeaux, 33615 PESSAC CEDEX, France
  • 39Environnement et changement climatique, Canada
  • 40School of the Earth, Ocean and Environment, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, 29208, USA
  • 41present address: Ocean Sciences Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, California, 95064, USA
  • 42LOCEAN-IPSL, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France
  • 43Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA

Abstract. The Green Edge initiative was developed to investigate the processes controlling the primary productivity and the fate of organic matter produced during the Arctic phytoplankton spring bloom (PSB) and to determine its role in the ecosystem. Two field campaigns were conducted in 2015 and 2016 at an ice camp located on landfast sea ice southeast of Qikiqtarjuaq Island in Baffin Bay (67.4797N, 63.7895W). During both expeditions, a large suite of physical, chemical and biological variables was measured beneath a consolidated sea ice cover from the surface to the bottom at 360 m depth to better understand the factors driving the PSB. Key variables such as temperature, salinity, radiance, irradiance, nutrient concentrations, chlorophyll-a concentration, bacteria, phytoplankton and zooplankton abundance and taxonomy, carbon stocks and fluxes were routinely measured at the ice camp. Here, we present the results of a joint effort to tidy and standardize the collected data sets that will facilitate their reuse in other Arctic studies. The dataset is available at http://www.seanoe.org/data/00487/59892/ (Massicotte et al., 2019a).

Philippe Massicotte et al.
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Philippe Massicotte et al.
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The Green Edge initiative: understanding the processes controlling the under-ice Arctic phytoplankton spring bloom Massicotte, Philippe Amiraux, Rémi Amyot, Marie-Pier Archambault, Philippe Ardyna, Mathieu Arnaud, Laurent Artigue, Lise Aubry, Cyril Ayotte, Pierre Bécu, Guislain Bélanger, Simon Benner, Ronald Bittig, Henry C. Bricaud, Annick Brossier, Éric Bruyant, Flavienne Chauvaud, Laurent Christiansen-Stowe, Debra Claustre, Hervé Cornet-Barthaux, Véronique Coupel, Pierre Cox, Christine Delaforge, Aurelie Dezutter, Thibaud Dimier, Céline Dominé, Florent Dufour, Francis Dufresne, Christiane Dumont, Dany Ehn, Jens Else, Brent Ferland, Joannie Forget, Marie-Hélène Fortier, Louis Galí, Martí Galindo, Virginie Gallinari, Morgane Garcia, Nicole Gérikas-Ribeiro, Catherine Gourdal, Margaux Gourvil, Priscilla Goyens, Clemence Grondin, Pierre-Luc Guillot, Pascal Guilmette, Caroline Houssais, Marie-Noëlle Joux, Fabien Lacour, Léo Lacour, Thomas Lafond, Augustin Lagunas, José Lalande, Catherine Laliberté, Julien Lambert-Girard, Simon Larivière, Jade Lavaud, Johann LeBaron, Anita Leblanc, Karine Le Gall, Florence Legras, Justine Lemire, Mélanie Levasseur, Maurice Leymarie, Edouard Leynaert, Aude Lopes dos Santos, Adriana Lourenço, Antonio Mah, David Marec, Claudie Marie, Dominique Martin, Nicolas Marty, Constance Marty, Sabine Massé, Guillaume Matsuoka, Atsushi Matthes, Lisa Moriceau, Brivaela Muller, Pierre-Emmanuel Mundy, C.J. Neukermans, Griet Oziel, Laurent Panagiotopoulos, Christos Pangazi, Jean-Jacques Picard, Ghislain Picheral, Marc Pinczon du Sel, France Pogorzelec, Nicole Probert, Ian Queguiner, Bernard Raimbault, Patrick Ras, Joséphine Rehm, Eric Reimer, Erin Rontani, Jean-François Rysgaard, Søren Saint-Béat, Blanche Sampei, Makoto Sansoulet, Julie Schmidt, Sabine Sempéré, Richard Sévigny, Caroline Shen, Yuan Tragin, Margot Tremblay, Jean-Éric Vaulot, Daniel Verin, Gauthier Vivier, Frédéric Vladoiu, Anda Whitehead, Jeremy Babin, Marcel https://doi.org/10.17882/59892

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Short summary
The Green Edge initiative was developed to understand the processes controlling the primary productivity and the fate of organic matter produced during the Arctic spring bloom (PSB). In this article, we present an overview of an extensive and comprehensive data set acquired during two expeditions conducted in 2015 and 2016 on landfast ice southeast of Qikiqtarjuaq Island in the Baffin Bay.
The Green Edge initiative was developed to understand the processes controlling the primary...
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