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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2019-161
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2019-161
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: data description paper 14 Oct 2019

Submitted as: data description paper | 14 Oct 2019

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This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD).

CHLSOC: The Chilean Soil Organic Carbon database, a multi-institutional collaborative effort

Marco Pfeiffer1, José Padarian2, Rodrigo Osorio3, Nelson Bustamante3, Guillermo Federico Olmedo4,5, Mario Guevara6, Felipe Aburto7,*, Monica Antilen8,9,*, Elías Araya3,*, Eduardo Arellano10,*, Maialent Barret11,*, Juan Barrera12,*, Pascal Boeckx13,*, Margarita Briceño14,*, Sally Bunning15,*, Lea Cabrol16,17,*, Manuel Casanova1,*, Pablo Cornejo18,*, Fabio Corradini19,*, Gustavo Curaqueo20,*, Sebastian Doetterl21,*, Paola Duran18,*, Mauricio Escudey22,9,*, Angelina Espinoza23,*, Samuel Francke24,*, Juan Pablo Fuentes25,*, Marcel Fuentes26,*, Gonzalo Gajardo27,*, Rafael García7,*, Audrey Gallaud27,*, Mauricio Galleguillos28,*, Andres Gomez3,*, Marcela Hidalgo12,*, Jorge Ivelic-Sáez29,*, Lwando Mashalaba1,*, Francisco Matus18,*, Maria de la Luz Mora18,*, Jorge Mora30,*, Cristina Muñoz12,*, Pablo Norambuena31,*, Carolina Olivera32,*, Carlos Ovalle33,*, Marcelo Panichini34,*, Aníbal Pauchard7,*, Jorge F. Perez-Quezada28,39,*, Sergio Radic35,*, José Ramirez36,*, Nicolas Riveras1,*, German Ruiz3,*, Osvaldo Salazar1,*, Ivan Salgado3,*, Oscar Seguel1,*, María Sepúlveda12,*, Carlos Sierra26,*, Yasna Tapia1,*, Balfredo Toledo27,*, José Miguel Torrico37,*, Susana Valle38,*, Ronald Vargas4,*, Michael Wolff34,*, and Erick Zagal12,* Marco Pfeiffer et al.
  • 1Departamento de Ingenieria y Suelos, Facultad de Ciencias Agronómicas, Universidad de Chile. Santa Rosa 11315, La Pintana, Chile
  • 2Faculty of Agriculture and Environment, The University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  • 3Servicio Agrícola y Ganadero (SAG), Ministerio de Agricultura, Av. Presidente Bulnes 140, Santiago, Chile
  • 4Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome, Italy
  • 5Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) Mendoza, San Martín 3853, Luján de Cuyo, Mendoza, Argentina
  • 6Department of Plant and Soil Sciences. University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA
  • 7Laboratorio de Investigación en Suelos, Aguas y Bosques (LISAB), Universidad de Concepción, Departamento deSilvicultura, Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Victoria 631, Concepción, Chile
  • 8Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Facultad de Química y de Farmacia, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Vicuña Mackenna 4860, Santiago, Chile
  • 9Centro para el Desarrollo de la Nanociencia y Nanotecnología (CEDENNA), Av. L.B. O’Higgins 3363, Santiago, 7254758, Chile
  • 10Departamento de Ecosistemas y Medio Ambiente, Facultad de Agronomía e Ingeniería Forestal, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
  • 11University of Toulouse, CNRS, INP, Ecolab UMR5245, Toulouse, France
  • 12Departamento de Suelos y Recursos Naturales, Universidad de Concepción, Campus Chillán, Vicente Méndez 595, Chillán, Chile
  • 13Isotope Bioscience Laboratory, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
  • 14Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Arturo Prat, Av. Arturo Prat 2120, Iquique, Chile
  • 15Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, Dag Hammarskjold, Vitacura, Chile
  • 16Escuela de Ingeniería Bioquímica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaiso, Av. Brasil 2185, Valparaíso, Chile
  • 17Aix Marseille University, Université de Toulon, CNRS, IRD, MIO UM 110, Marseille, France
  • 18Scientific and Technological Bioresource Nucleus, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile
  • 19Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA La Platina, Casilla 439, Correo 3, Santiago, Chile
  • 20Departamento de Ciencias Agropecuarias y Acuícolas Núcleo de Investigación en Producción Alimentaria, UniversidadCatólica de Temuco, Casilla 15-D, Temuco, Chile
  • 21Soil Resources, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
  • 22Facultad de Química y Biología, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Av. B. O’Higgins 3363, Santiago, Chile
  • 23Ministerio del Medio Ambiente, San Martín 73, Santiago, Chile
  • 24Corporación Nacional Forestal (CONAF), Paseo Bulnes 285, Santiago, Chile
  • 25Facultad de Ciencias Forestales y Conservación de la Naturaleza, Universidad de Chile, Santa Rosa 11315, La Pintana, Chile
  • 26Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA Intihuasi, Apartado Postal 36/B, La Serena, Chile
  • 27Centro de Información de Recursos Naturales (CIREN), Santiago, Chile
  • 28Departamento de Ciencias Ambientales y Recursos Naturales Renovables, Facultad de Ciencias Agronómicas, Universidad de Chile. Santa Rosa 11315, La Pintana, Chile
  • 29Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA Kampenaike, Punta Arenas, Chile
  • 30ONG Suelo Sustentable, Santiago Chile
  • 31Edáfica, www.edafica.cl, Santiago, Chile
  • 32Oficina Regional de la FAO para América Latina y el Caribe, Bogotá, Colombia
  • 33Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA La Cruz, Chorrillos 86, La Cruz, Chile
  • 34Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, INIA Quilamapu, Av. Vicente Méndez 515, Chillán, Chile
  • 35Departamento de Ciencias Acuícolas y Agropecuarias, Universidad de Magallanes, Av. Bulnes 01855, Punta Arenas, Chile
  • 36Oficina de Estudios y Políticas Agrarias (ODEPA), Ministerio de Agricultura, Teatinos 40, Santiago, Chile
  • 37United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, Regional Coordination Unit for Latin-America and the Caribbean, CELADE, Dag Hammarskjöld 3477, Vitacura, Chile
  • 38Instituto de Ingeniería Agraria y Suelos, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad Austral, Valdivia, Chile
  • 39Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad, Av. Libertador Bernardo O’Higgins 340, Santiago, Chile
  • *These authors contributed equally to this work.

Abstract. One of the critical aspects in modelling soil organic carbon (SOC) predictions is the lack of access to soil information which is usually concentrated in regions of high agricultural interest. In Chile, most soil and SOC data to date is highly concentrated in 25 % of the territory that has intensive agricultural or forestry use. Vast areas beyond those forms of land use have few or no soil data available. Here, we present a new database of SOC for the country, which is the result of an unprecedented national effort under the frame of the Global Soil Partnership that help to build the largest database on SOC to date in Chile named “CHLSOC" comprising 13,612 data points. This dataset is the product of the compilation from numerous sources including unpublished and difficult to access data, allowing to fill numerous spatial gaps where no SOC estimates were publicly available before. The values of SOC compiled in CHLSOC range from 6×10−5 to 83.3 percent, reflecting the variety of ecosystems that exists in Chile. Profiting from the richness of geochemical, topographic and climatic variability in Chile, the dataset has the potential to inform and test models trying to predict SOC stocks and dynamics at larger spatial scales. Dataset available at https://www.doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/NMYS3 (Pfeiffer et al., 2019b).

Marco Pfeiffer et al.
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Marco Pfeiffer et al.
Data sets

CHLSOC: The Chilean Soil Organic Carbon database M. Pfeiffer, J. Padarian, R. Osorio, N. Bustamante, G. Olmedo, M. Guevara, F. Aburto, M. Antilen, E. Araya, E. Arellano, M. Barret, J. Barrera, P. Boeckx, M. Briceño, S. Bunning, L. Cabrol, M. Casanova, C. F. Cornejo, Pablo, G. Curaqueo, S. Doetterl, P. Duran, M. Escudey, A. Espinoza, S. Francke, J. P. Fuentes, M. Fuentes, G. Gajardo, R. García, A. Gallaud, M. Galleguillos, A. Gomez, M. Hidalgo, J. Ivelic-Sáez, L. Mashalaba, F. Matus, M. Mora, J. Mora, C. Muñoz, P. Norambuena, C. Olivera, C. Ovalle, M. Panichini, A. Pauchard, J. Perez-Quezada, S. Radic, J. Ramirez, N. Riveras, G. Ruiz, O. Salazar, I. Salgado, O. Seguel, M. Sepúlveda, C. Sierra, Y. Tapia, B. Toledo, J. M. Torrico, S. Valle, R. Vargas, M. Wolff, and Zagal https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/NMYS3

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Short summary
The CHLSOC dataset is the biggest soil organic carbon (SOC) dataset that has been compiled for Chile yet, comprising 13,612 data points. This dataset is the product of the compilation from numerous sources including unpublished and difficult to access data, allowing to fill numerous spatial gaps where no SOC estimates were publicly available before. The values of SOC compiled in CHLSOC have wide range, reflecting the variety of ecosystems that exists in Chile.
The CHLSOC dataset is the biggest soil organic carbon (SOC) dataset that has been compiled for...
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