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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2019-192
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2019-192
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: data description paper 30 Oct 2019

Submitted as: data description paper | 30 Oct 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD).

EstSoil-EH v1.0: An eco-hydrological modelling parameters dataset derived from the Soil Mapof Estonia

Alexander Kmoch1, Arno Kanal, Alar Astover2, Ain Kull1, Holger Virro1, Aveliina Helm3, Meelis Pärtel3, Ivika Ostonen1, and Evelyn Uuemaa1 Alexander Kmoch et al.
  • 1Department of Geography, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Vanemuise 46, Tartu, 51003, Estonia
  • 2Chair of Soil Science, Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Fr.R. Kreutzwaldi 5,Tartu, 51014, Estonia
  • 3Department of Botany, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu,Lai 40,Tartu, 51005, Estonia
  • deceased, 07th of May, 2019

Abstract. The Soil Map of Estonia is a vector dataset that maps more than 750 000 soil units throughout Estonia at a scale of 1:10 000. It is the most detailed and information-rich dataset for soils in Estonia, a Baltic country with an area of approximately 45 000 km2. For each soil unit, it describes the soil type, quality, texture, and layer information with a series of complex text codes. However, to use it as an input for numerical modelling using process-based physical models, these text codes must be translated into numbers. Various generalisations and aggregations for agricultural soils for less-detailed versions of the map have been made at a scale of 1:100 000 and 1:200 000.

In this study, we create an extended eco-hydrological dataset for Estonia, the EstSoil-EH v1.0 (Kmoch et al., 2019a; https://doi.org/10.5281/ZENODO.3473290), containing derived numerical values for the following data in all of the mapped soil units in the 1:10 000 soil map: soil profiles (e.g., layers, depths), texture (clay, silt, sand components), coarse fragments and rock content, and physical variables related to water and carbon (bulk density, hydraulic conductivity, organic carbon content). Ultimately, our objective was to develop a reproducible method for deriving numerical values to support modelling and prediction of eco-hydrological processes in Estonia using the popular Soil and Water Assessment Tool.

The developed methodology and dataset will be an important resource for the Baltic region. Countries like Lithuania and Latvia have similar historical soil records from the Soviet era that could be turned into value-added datasets such as the one we developed for Estonia.

Alexander Kmoch et al.
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Status: open (until 25 Dec 2019)
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Alexander Kmoch et al.
Data sets

EstSoil-EH v1.0: An eco-hydrological modelling parameters dataset derived from the Soil Map of Estonia data deposit A. Kmoch, A. Kanal, A. Astover, A. Kull, H. Virro, A. Helm, M. Pärtel, I. Ostonen, and E. Uuemaa https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3473289

EstSoil -EH v1.0: An eco-hydrological modelling parameters dataset derived from the Soil Map of Estonia (data deposit) A. Kmoch, A. Kanal, A. Astover, A. Kull, H. Virro, A. Helm, M. Pärtel, I. Ostonen, and E. Uuemaa https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3473290

Model code and software

LandscapeGeoinformatics/EstSoil-EH_sw_supplement: Snapshot update for deposit and supplement A. Kmoch, H. Virro, and E. Uuemaa https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3473209

Alexander Kmoch et al.
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Short summary
The Soil Map of Estonia is the most detailed and information-rich dataset for soils in Estonia. But its information is not immediately usable for analyses or modelling. We developed software modules and a workflow to extract and derive a wide range of exact numerical variables from the text-encoded soil descriptions from the Soil Map of Estonia and collated them in the EstSoil-EH v1.0 spatial dataset. This new dataset is now ready to use in a variety of mapping, analysis and modelling tasks.
The Soil Map of Estonia is the most detailed and information-rich dataset for soils in Estonia....
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