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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2019-222
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2019-222
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: data description paper 20 Dec 2019

Submitted as: data description paper | 20 Dec 2019

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

40 years High Arctic climatological dataset of the Polish Polar Station Hornsund (SW Spitsbergen, Svalbard)

Tomasz Wawrzyniak and Marzena Osuch Tomasz Wawrzyniak and Marzena Osuch
  • Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland

Abstract. The article presents the climatological dataset from the Polish Polar Station Hornsund located in the SW part of Spitsbergen - the biggest island of the Svalbard Archipelago. Due to a general lack of long-term in situ measurements and observations, the high Arctic remains one of the largest climate‐data deficient regions on the Earth, so described series is of unique value. To draw conclusions on the climatic changes in the Arctic, it is necessary to analyse the long-term series of continuous, systematic, in situ observations from different locations and comparing the corresponding data, rather than rely on the climatic simulations only. In recent decades, rapid environmental changes occurring in the Atlantic sector of the Arctic are reflected in the data series collected by the operational monitoring conducted at the Hornsund Station. We demonstrate the results of the 40 years-long series of observations. Climatological mean values or totals are given, and we also examined the variability of meteorological variables at monthly and annual scale using the modified Mann-Kendall test for trend and Sen’s method. The relevant daily, monthly, and annual data are provided on the PANGAEA repository (https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.909042, Wawrzyniak and Osuch, 2019).

Tomasz Wawrzyniak and Marzena Osuch

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Tomasz Wawrzyniak and Marzena Osuch

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A consistent High Arctic climatological dataset (1979–2018) of the Polish Polar Station Hornsund (SW Spitsbergen, Svalbard) T. Wawrzyniak and M. Osuch https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.909042

Tomasz Wawrzyniak and Marzena Osuch

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Short summary
The article presents the climatological dataset from the Polish Polar Station Hornsund located in the SW part of Spitsbergen. With the positive trend of mean annual temperature +1.14 °C/decade, the climate in Hornsund is warming five times faster than the global average. Due to a general lack of long-term in situ measurements and observations, the high Arctic remains one of the largest climate‐data deficient regions on the Earth, so described series is of unique value.
The article presents the climatological dataset from the Polish Polar Station Hornsund located...
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