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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2019-245
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2019-245
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: data description paper 27 Jan 2020

Submitted as: data description paper | 27 Jan 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

A17-year dataset of surface water fugacity of CO2, along with calculated pH, Aragonite saturation state, and air-sea CO2 fluxes in the Northern Caribbean Sea

Rik Wanninkhof1, Denis Pierrot1,2, Kevin Sullivan1,2, Leticia Barbero1,2, and joaquin Trinanes1,2,3 Rik Wanninkhof et al.
  • 1Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory (AOML), NOAA, 4301 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, FL 33149, USA
  • 2Cooperative Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Studies, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science,University of Miami, 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, FL 33149, USA
  • 3Laboratory of Systems, Technological Research Institute, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Campus Universitario Sur, Santiago de Compostela, 15782, Spain

Abstract. A high-quality dataset of surface water partial pressure/fugacity of CO2 (pCO2w/fCO2w), comprised of over a million observations, and derived products are presented for the Caribbean Sea covering the timespan from 2002 through 2018. Prior to installation of automated pCO2 systems on cruise ships of the Royal Caribbean Cruise Lines and subsidiaries, very limited surface water carbon data were available in this region. With this observational program, the Northern Caribbean Sea has now become one of the best sampled regions for pCO2 of the world's ocean. The dataset, and derived quantities are provided on a 1-degree monthly grid at http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0207749, DOI: https://doi.org/10.25921/2swk-9w56 (Wanninkhof et al., 2019a). The derived quantities include total alkalinity (TA), acidity (pH), Aragonite saturation state (ΩAr) and air-sea CO2 flux, and cover the region from 15° N to 28° N and 88° W to 62° W. The data and products are used for determination of status and trends of ocean acidification, for quantifying air-sea CO2 fluxes, and for ground truthing models. Methodologies to derive the inorganic carbon system parameters and to calculate the fluxes from fCO2w are described.

Rik Wanninkhof et al.

Rik Wanninkhof et al.

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Latest update: 07 Apr 2020
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Short summary
This paper describes a 18-year dataset of over a million data points of automated partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) measurements on large luxury cruise ships of the Royal Caribbean Cruise Lines (RCCL). These data are used to provide trends of ocean acidification, and air-sea CO2 fluxes. The effort was possible through a unique continuing industry (RCCL), academic (University of Miami) and governmental (NOAA) partnership.
This paper describes a 18-year dataset of over a million data points of automated partial...
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