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Discussion papers
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 16 Apr 2019

Research article | 16 Apr 2019

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This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD).

STEAD: A high-resolution daily gridded temperature dataset for Spain

Roberto Serrano-Notivoli1, Santiago Beguería1, and Martín De Luis2 Roberto Serrano-Notivoli et al.
  • 1Estación Experimental de Aula Dei (EEAD-CSIC), Zaragoza, E-50059, Spain
  • 2Department of Geography and Regional Planning and Environmental Sciences Institute (IUCA), University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, E-50009, Spain

Abstract. Using the full total of available 5520 observatories covering the whole territory of Spain, a daily gridded maximum and minimum temperature was built covering a period from 1901 to 2014 in peninsular Spain and 1971–2014 in Balearic and Canary Islands. A comprehensive quality control was applied to the original data and the gaps were filled on each day and location independently. Using the filled data series, a grid of 5 × 5 km spatial resolution was created by estimating daily temperatures and their corresponding uncertainties at each grid point. Four daily temperature indices were calculated to describe the spatial distribution of absolute maximum and minimum temperature, number of frost days and number of summer days in Spain. The southern plateau showed the maximum values of maximum absolute temperature and summer days, while the minimum absolute temperature and frost days reached their maximums at northern plateau. The use of all the available information, the complete quality control and the high spatial resolution of the grid allowed for an accurate estimate of temperature that represents a precise spatial and temporal distribution of daily temperatures in Spain. STEAD dataset is publicly available at

Roberto Serrano-Notivoli et al.
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Status: open (until 11 Jun 2019)
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Roberto Serrano-Notivoli et al.
Data sets

STEAD (Spanish TEmperature At Daily scale) R. Serrano-Notivoli, M. De Luis, and S. Beguería

Roberto Serrano-Notivoli et al.
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Short summary
Spanish TEmperature At Daily scale (STEAD) is a new daily gridded maximum and minimum temperature dataset for Spain. It covers the whole territory of peninsular Spain and the Balearic and Canary Islands at a 5 × 5 km spatial resolution for the 1901–2012 period. This product is useful not only for climatic analysis but for provide support to any other climate-related variable and for decision-making purposes.
Spanish TEmperature At Daily scale (STEAD) is a new daily gridded maximum and minimum...