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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2019-55
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2019-55
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Data description paper 09 May 2019

Data description paper | 09 May 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD).

An open source database for the synthesis of soil radiocarbon data: ISRaD version 1.0

Corey R. Lawrence1,*, Jeffery Beem-Miller2,*, Alison M. Hoyt2,3,*, Grey Monroe4,*, Carlos A. Sierra2,*, Shane Stoner2, Katherine Heckman5,*, Joseph C. Blankinship6,*, Susan E. Crow7,*, Gavin McNicol8, Susan Trumbore2,*, Paul A. Levine9, Olga Vindušková8, Katherine Todd-Brown10, Craig Rasmussen6,*, Caitlin E. Hicks Pries11,*, Christina Schädel12,*, Karis McFarlane13, Sebastian Doetterl14, Christine Hatté15, Yujie He9, Claire Treat16, Jennifer W. Harden7,17, Margaret S. Torn3, Cristian Estop-Aragonés18, Asmeret Asefaw Berhe19,*, Marco Keiluweit20,*, Erika Marin-Spiotta21,*, Alain F. Plante22,*, Aaron Thomson23,*, Joshua P. Schimel24,*, Lydia J. S. Vaughn3,25, and Rota Wagai26,* Corey R. Lawrence et al.
  • 1US Geological Survey, Geoscience & Environmental Change Science Center, Denver, CO, USA
  • 2Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany
  • 3Climate and Ecosystem Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA
  • 4Graudate Degree Program in Ecology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA
  • 5US Forest Service Northern Research Station, Houghton, MI, USA
  • 6Department of Soil, Water, and Environmental Science, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
  • 7University of Hawaii Manoa, Honolulu, HI, USA
  • 8Department of Earth System Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
  • 9Department of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, CA, USA
  • 10Wilfred Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
  • 11Department of Biological Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, USA
  • 12Center for Ecosystem Science and Society, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ, USA
  • 13Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA
  • 14Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland
  • 15LSCE, UMR 8212 CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, Université Paris Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • 16University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland
  • 17US Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA, USA
  • 18Department of Renewable Resources, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  • 19Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of California, Merced, CA, USA
  • 20Stockbridge School of Agriculture, University of Massachusetts-Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA
  • 21Department of Geography, University of Wisconsin - Madison, Madison, WI, USA
  • 22Department of Earth and Environmental Science, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
  • 23Department of Crop and Soil Science & Odum School of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
  • 24Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
  • 25Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
  • 26National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
  • *USGS Powell Center working group participant

Abstract. Radiocarbon is a critical constraint on our estimates of the timescales of soil carbon cycling that can aid in identifying mechanisms of carbon stabilization and destabilization, and improve forecast of soil carbon response to management or environmental change. Despite the wealth of soil radiocarbon data that has been reported over the past 75 years, the ability to apply these data to global scale questions is limited by our capacity to synthesis and compare measurements generated using a variety of methods. Here we describe the International Soil Radiocarbon Database (ISRaD, soilradiocarbon.org), an open-source archive of soils data that include data from bulk soils, or whole-soils; distinct soil carbon pools isolated in the laboratory by a variety of soil fractionation methods; samples of soil gas or water collected interstitially from within an intact soil profile; CO2 gas isolated from laboratory soil incubations; and fluxes collected in situ from a soil surface. The core of ISRaD is a relational database structured around individual datasets (entries) and organized hierarchically to report soil radiocarbon data, measured at different physical and temporal scales, as well as other soil or environmental properties that may also be measured at one or more levels of the hierarchy that may assist with interpretation and context. Anyone may contribute their own data to the database by entering it into the ISRaD template and subjecting it to quality assurance protocols. ISRaD can be accessed through: (1) a web-based interface, (2) an R package (ISRaD), or (3) direct access to code and data through the GitHub repository, which hosts both code and data. The design of ISRaD allows for participants to become directly involved in the management, design, and application of ISRaD data. The synthesized dataset is available in two forms: the original data as reported by the authors of the datasets; and an enhanced dataset that includes ancillary geospatial data calculated within the ISRaD framework. ISRaD also provides data management tools in the ISRaD-R package that provide a starting point for data analysis. This community-based dataset and platform for soil radiocarbon and a wide array of additional soils data information in soils where data are easy to contribute and the community is invited to add tools and ideas for improvement. As a whole, ISRaD provides resources that can aid our evaluation of soil dynamics and improve our understanding of controls on soil carbon dynamics across a range of spatial and temporal scales. The ISRaD v1.0 dataset (Lawrence et al., 2019) is archived and freely available at https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2613911.

Corey R. Lawrence et al.
Interactive discussion
Status: final response (author comments only)
Status: final response (author comments only)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Corey R. Lawrence et al.
Data sets

International Soil Radiocarbon Database v1.0 C. R. Lawrence, J. Beem-Miller, A. M. Hoyt, G. Monroe, C. A. Sierra, S. Stoner, K. Heckman, J. C. Blankinship, S. E. Crow, G. McNicol, S. Trumbore, P. A. Levine, O. Vindušková, K. Todd-Brown, C. Rasmussen, C. E. Hicks Pries, C. Schädel, K. McFarlane, S. Doetterl, C. Hatté, Y. He, C. Treat, J. W. Harden, M. S. Torn, C. Estop-Aragonés, A. A. Berhe, M. Keiluweit, E. Marin-Spiotta, A. F. Plante, A. Thomson, J. P. Schimel, L. J. S. Vaughn, and R. Wagai https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2613911

Corey R. Lawrence et al.
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Short summary
The International Soil Radiocarbon Database (ISRaD) is an an open-source archive of soils data, focused on datasets including radiocarbon measurements. ISRaD includes data from bulk soils, or whole-soils; distinct soil carbon pools isolated in the laboratory by a variety of soil fractionation methods; samples of soil gas or water collected interstitially from within an intact soil profile; CO2 gas isolated from laboratory soil incubations; and fluxes collected in situ from a soil surface.
The International Soil Radiocarbon Database (ISRaD) is an an open-source archive of soils data,...
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