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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2019-60
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2019-60
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: data description paper 15 Jul 2019

Submitted as: data description paper | 15 Jul 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. A revision of the manuscript is under review for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD).

An Arctic watershed observatory at Lake Peters, Alaska: weather-glacier-river-lake system data for 2015–2018

Ellie Broadman1, Lorna L. Thurston2, Nicholas P. McKay1, Darrell S. Kaufman1, Erik Schiefer1, David Fortin3, Jason Geck4, Michael G. Loso5, Matt Nolan6, Stéphanie H. Arcusa1, Christopher W. Benson1, Rebecca A. Ellerbroek1, Michael P. Erb1, Cody C. Routson1, Charlotte Wiman1, and A. Jade Wong1 Ellie Broadman et al.
  • 1School of Earth and Sustainability, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, 86011, USA
  • 2Stillwater Sciences, 2855 Telegraph Ave, Ste 400, Berkeley, California, 94705, USA
  • 3Department of Geography and Planning, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5C8, Canada
  • 4Environmental Science Department, Alaska Pacific University, Anchorage, Alaska, 99508
  • 5Inventory and Monitoring Program, Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, Copper Center, Alaska, USA
  • 6Fairbanks Fodar, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA

Abstract. Datasets from a four-year monitoring effort at Lake Peters, a glacier-fed lake in Arctic Alaska, are described and presented with accompanying methods, biases, and corrections. Three meteorological stations documented air temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall at different elevations in the Lake Peters watershed. Data from ablation stake stations on Chamberlin glacier were used to quantify glacial melt, and measurements from two hydrological stations were used to reconstruct continuous discharge for the two primary inflows to Lake Peters, Carnivore and Chamberlin Creeks. The lake's thermal structure was monitored using a network of temperature sensors on moorings, the lake's water level was recorded using pressure sensors, and sedimentary inputs to the lake were documented by sediment traps. We demonstrate the utility of these datasets by examining a flood event in July 2015, though other uses include studying intra- and inter-annual trends in this weather-glacier-river-lake system, contextualizing interpretations of lakes sediment cores, and providing background for modeling studies. All DOI-referenced datasets described in this manuscript are archived at the National Science Foundation Arctic Data Center at the following overview webpage for the project: https://arcticdata.io/catalog/view/urn:uuid:517b8679-20db-4c89-a29c-6410cbd08afe (Kaufman et al., 2019e).

Ellie Broadman et al.
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Ellie Broadman et al.
Data sets

CTD casts (conductivity, temperature, depth) in Lake Peters, Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska, 2015 D. Fortin, E. Schiefer, E., L. L. Thurston, D. S. Kaufman, J. Geck, M. G. Loso, N. P. McKay, A. Liljedahl, and E. Broadman https://doi.org/10.18739/A23J3912W

Carnivore Creek discharge and suspended sediment concentration, Alaska, 2015-2018 E. Schiefer, L. L. Thurston, D. S. Kaufman, J. Geck, M. G. Loso, N. P. McKay, D. Fortin, A. Liljedahl, and E. Broadman https://doi.org/10.18739/A27659F58

High resolution photogrammetric data of Chamberlin Glacier and the Lake Peters watershed, Alaska, 2015-2017 M. Nolan https://doi.org/10.18739/A28W3824W

Meteorological data from Chamberlin Glacier, Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska, 2016-2017 D. S. Kaufman, J. Geck, M. G. Loso, E. Schiefer, L. L. Thurston, N. P. McKay, D. Fortin, A. Liljedahl, and E. Broadman https://doi.org/10.18739/A2BZ6178M

Lake Peters water temperature and luminous flux, Alaska, 2015-2017 D. S. Kaufman, D. Fortin, E. Schiefer, L. L. Thurston, J. Geck, M. G. Loso, N. P. McKay, A. Liljedahl, and E. Broadman https://doi.org/10.18739/A2FQ9Q52R

Ablation stake data from Chamberlin Glacier, Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska, 2016-2017 J. Geck, M. G. Loso, E. Schiefer, L. L. Thurston, N. P. McKay, D. S. Kaufman, D. Fortin, A. Liljedahl, and E. Broadman https://doi.org/10.18739/A2GQ6R21H

Lake Peters water level, Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska, 2015-2017 D. Fortin, D. S. Kaufman, E. Schiefer, L. L. Thurston, J. Geck, M. G. Loso, N. P. McKay, A. Liljedahl, and E. Broadman https://doi.org/10.18739/A2KH0DZ5J

Chamberlin Creek discharge and suspended sediment concentration, Alaska, 2015-2017 E. Schiefer, L. L. Thurston, N. P. McKay, D. S. Kaufman, D. Fortin, J. Geck, M. G. Loso, A. Liljedahl, and E. Broadman https://doi.org/10.18739/A2MG7FV6Q

Sediment trap data from Lake Peters and Lake Schrader, Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska, 2015-2017 D. S. Kaufman, D. Fortin, E. Schiefer, L. L. Thurston, J. Geck, M. G. Loso, N. P. McKay, A. Liljedahl, and E. Broadman https://doi.org/10.18739/A2Q814S0S

Bathymetric map of Lake Peters, Alaska, 2015 E. Schiefer, N. P. McKay, D. S. Kaufman, D. Fortin, J. Geck, M. G. Loso, A. Liljedahl, and E. Broadman https://doi.org/10.18739/A2R785P0G

Meteorological data from the Lake Peters watershed, Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska, 2015-2018 D. S. Kaufman, D. Fortin, E. Schiefer, L. L. Thurston, J. Geck, M. G. Loso, N. P. McKay, A. Liljedahl, and E. Broadman https://doi.org/10.18739/A2V11VK4J

Geochemical and stable isotope composition data from precipitation, runoff, snow and ice collected in Lake Peters watershed, Arctic Wildlife Refuge, Alaska, 2015-2018 D. S. Kaufman, R. A. Ellerbroek, D. Fortin, E. Schiefer, L. L. Thurston, J. Geck, M. G. Loso, N. P. McKay, A. Liljedahl, and E. Broadman https://doi.org/10.18739/A2ZS2KC8C

Ellie Broadman et al.
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Short summary
Because the Arctic is warming rapidly, it is important to document changes in Arctic environments. Glacier-fed lakes are particularly sensitive, as they are affected by changes in weather, glaciers, and rivers. Here we present data from weather stations, river gage stations, lake moorings, and more, following four years of environmental monitoring at Lake Peters, a glacier-fed lake in Arctic Alaska. We hope these datasets will be useful for understanding changes in this dynamic environment.
Because the Arctic is warming rapidly, it is important to document changes in Arctic...
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