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Discussion papers
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: data description paper 14 Jun 2019

Submitted as: data description paper | 14 Jun 2019

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This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Earth System Science Data (ESSD).

Iberia01: A new gridded dataset of daily precipitation and temperatures over Iberia

Sixto Herrera1, Rita M. Cardoso2, Pedro M. M. Soares2, Fátima Espírito-Santo3, Pedro Viterbo3, and José M. Gutiérrez4 Sixto Herrera et al.
  • 1Meteorology Group. Dept. of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science. Universidad de Cantabria. Santander, Spain
  • 2Instituto Dom Luiz (IDL), Facultade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
  • 3Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera (IPMA), Lisboa, Portugal
  • 4Meteorology Group. Instituto de Física de Cantabria, CSIC-University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain

Abstract. The present work introduces a new observational gridded dataset produced using a dense network (thousands) of stations over the Iberian Peninsula (referred to as Iberia01, Gutiérrez et al. (2019), DOI:, providing daily precipitation and temperatures for the period 1971–2015 at 0.1° regular (and 0.11° rotated CORDEX compliant) resolutions. A comparison with both the standard and ensemble version of the E-OBS v17 dataset (at 0.25° and 0.1° resolutions, respectively) is undertaken in order to assess observational uncertainty in this region. First, a standard comparison is performed for several weather indices, obtaining the differences between both datasets. Secondly, a new probabilistic intercomparison analysis is introduced, using the E-OBS ensemble (v17e) to characterize observational uncertainty and testing the hypothesis that Iberia01 is a realization of the ensemble (i.e. it falls within the observational uncertainty range provided by E-OBS). Finally, the effective resolution of the auxiliar very high resolution grid (0.01°) built to obtain the area-average representativity of the final dataset, and thus the possibility to increase the resolution of the dataset by means of pure interpolation methods, is analyzed considering an extreme event of convective precipitation affecting the Iberian Peninsula.

As a result, we show that Iberia01 produces more realistic patterns than E-OBS v17 in the case of precipitation for all the indices considered, although both are comparable for temperatures. These differences are assessed using the probabilistic approach based on the E-OBS ensemble showing a quite homogeneous spatial pattern for precipitation (with less than 25 % significantly – at a 10 % level – different days between both datasets) and a very inhomogeneous pattern for temperatures, with either a small (in most of the regions) or large fraction of significantly different days. The great uncertainty of the precipitation given by E-OBS ensemble, in which the standard deviation of the ensemble has the same order than the mean value, increases the significance of the results obtained for this variable reflecting the differences between both datasets.

Sixto Herrera et al.
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Sixto Herrera et al.
Data sets

Iberia01: Daily gridded (0.1º resolution) dataset of precipitation and temperatures over the Iberian Peninsula J. M. Gutiérrez, S. Herrera, R. M. Cardoso, P. M. M. Soares, F. Espírito-Santo, and P. Viterbo

Sixto Herrera et al.
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Latest update: 20 Sep 2019
Short summary
A new observational dataset of daily precipitation and temperatures for the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Island has been developed and made publicly available for the community. In this work the capabilities of the new dataset to reproduce the mean and extreme regimes of precipitation and temperature are shown. Moreover, the developed dataset has proved to be able to reproduce the spatial pattern and intensity of particular extreme events affecting the Iberian Peninsula.
A new observational dataset of daily precipitation and temperatures for the Iberian Peninsula...