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https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2020-13
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2020-13
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: data description paper 18 Feb 2020

Submitted as: data description paper | 18 Feb 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

Measurements of Hydrodynamics, Sediment, Morphology and Benthos on Ameland Ebb-Tidal Delta and Lower Shoreface

Bram C. van Prooijen1, Marion F. S. Tissier1, Floris P. de Wit1, Stuart G. Pearson1,3, Laura B. Brakenhoff2, Marcel C. G. van Maarseveen2, Maarten van der Vegt2, Jan-Willem Mol6, Frank Kok6, Harriette Holzhauer4,3, Jebbe J. van der Werf3,4, Tommer Vermaas3, Matthijs Gawehn3, Bart Grasmeijer3, Edwin P. L. Elias3, Pieter Koen Tonnon3, Ad J. H. M. Reniers1, Zeng Bing Wang1,3, Cornelis den Heijer1,5, Carola van Gelder-Maas6, Rinse J. A. Wilmink6, Cor A. Schipper6, and Harry de Looff6 Bram C. van Prooijen et al.
  • 1Delft University of Technology, Delft, the Netherlands
  • 2Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands
  • 3Deltares, Delft, the Netherlands
  • 4University of Twente, Enschede, the Netherlands
  • 5Data2day, Delft, the Netherlands
  • 6Rijkswaterstaat, Lelystad, the Netherlands

Abstract. A large-scale field campaign has been carried out on the ebb-tidal delta (ETD) of Ameland Inlet, a basin of the Wadden Sea in the Netherlands, as well as on three transects along the Dutch lower shoreface. With this campaign, as part of KustGenese2.0 (Coastal Genesis 2.0) and SEAWAD, we aimed to gain new knowledge on the processes driving sediment transport and benthic species distribution in such a dynamic environment. These new insights will ultimately help the development of optimal strategies to nourish the Dutch coastal zone in order to prevent coastal erosion and keep up with sea level rise. The dataset obtained from the field campaign consists of: (i) bathymetry data from single beam and multibeam measurements; (ii) flow, waves, sediment concentration, conductivity and temperature, and bedforms at 10 locations on the delta; 7 stand-alone pressure sensors deployed on the ebb-tidal shoal; and 6 ADCPs on the watersheds; (iii) bed composition and macro benthic species from 166 (in 2017), 53 (in 2018) boxcores, 21 vibrocores; (iv) discharge measurements through the inlet; (v) X-band radar; (vi) meterological data. The combination of all these measurements at the same time makes this dataset unique and enables us to investigate the interactions between sediment transport, hydrodynamics, morphology and the benthic ecosystem in more detail.

The data is publicly available at 4TU Centre for Research Data at https://doi.org/10.4121/collection:seawad (Delft University of Technology et al., 2019).

Bram C. van Prooijen et al.

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Data sets

SEAWAD: SEdiment supply At the WAdden Sea ebb-tidal Delta Delft University of Technology https://doi.org/10.4121/collection:seawad

Bram C. van Prooijen et al.

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Short summary
To protect the Dutch coastal zone, sand is nourished and disposed at strategic locations. Simple questions like where, how, how much and when to nourish the sand are not straightforward to answer. This is especially the case around the Wadden Sea islands where sediment transport pathways are complicated. Therefore, a large-scale field campaign has been carried out on the seaward side of Ameland Inlet. Sediment transport, hydrodynamics, morphology and fauna in the bed were measured.
To protect the Dutch coastal zone, sand is nourished and disposed at strategic locations. Simple...
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