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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2020-38
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2020-38
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: data description paper 03 Mar 2020

Submitted as: data description paper | 03 Mar 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

Rescue and quality control of sub-daily meteorological data collected at Montevergine Observatory (Southern Apennines), 1884–1963

Vincenzo Capozzi, Yuri Cotroneo, Pasquale Castagno, Carmela De Vivo, and Giorgio Budillon Vincenzo Capozzi et al.
  • Department of Science and Technology, University of Naples “Parthenope”, Centro Direzionale di Napoli – Isola C4, 80143, Italy

Abstract. Here we present the rescue of sub-daily meteorological observations collected from 1884 to 1963 at Montevergine Observatory, located on the Italian Southern Apennines. The recovered dataset consists of three daily observations of the following atmospheric variables: dry bulb temperature, wet bulb temperature, water vapour pressure, relative humidity, atmospheric pressure, cloud type, cloud cover, rainfall, snowfall and precipitation type. The data, originally available only as paper-based records, have been digitized following the World Meteorological Organization standard practices. After a cross-check, the digitized data went through three different automatic quality control tests: the gross error test which verifies if the data are within acceptable range limits; the tolerance test that flags if values are above or below monthly climatological limits which are defined in accordance with a probability distribution model specific for each variable; and the temporal coherency test that checks the rate of change flagging unrealistic jumps in consecutive values. The result of this process is the publication of a new historical dataset that includes, for the first time, digitized and quality-controlled sub-daily meteorological observations collected since the late 19th century in the Mediterranean region north of the 37th parallel. These data are critical to enhance and complement previously rescued sub-daily historical datasets in central and northern Mediterranean regions, currently limited to the atmospheric pressure observations only. Furthermore, MVOBS dataset can enrich the understanding of high altitude weather and climate variability and contributes to improve the accuracy of reanalysis products prior the 1950s. Data are available on the NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) public repository and are associated to a DOI (https://doi.org/10.25921/cx3g-rj98) (Capozzi et al., 2019).

Vincenzo Capozzi et al.

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Vincenzo Capozzi et al.

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