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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2020-43
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2020-43
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: data description paper 26 Feb 2020

Submitted as: data description paper | 26 Feb 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal ESSD.

A comprehensive oceanographic dataset of a subpolar, mid-latitude broad fjord: Fortune Bay, Newfoundland, Canada

Sebastien Donnet1, Pascal Lazure2, Andry Ratsimandresy1, and Guoqi Han1 Sebastien Donnet et al.
  • 1Fisheries and Oceans Canada, NAFC, 80 East White Hills Rd, St. John’s NL, A1C 5X1, Canada
  • 2Ifremer (French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea) Laboratoire d’OcéanographiePhysique et Spatiale, Centre Bretagne, ZI de la Pointe du Diable, CS 10070, 29280 Plouzané, France

Abstract. While the dynamics of narrow fjords, i.e. narrow with respect to their internal Rossby radius, have been widely studied, it is only recently that interest sparked in studying the physics of broad fjords due to their importance in glacial ice melting (in Greenland, especially). Here, we present a comprehensive set of data collected in Fortune Bay, a broad, mid-latitude fjord located on the Northwest Atlantic shores. Aside from being wide (15–25 km width) and deep (600 m at its deepest), Fortune Bay also has the characteristics of having steep slopes, weak tides and of being strongly stratified from spring to fall. Thus, and since strong along-shore winds also characterise the region, this system is prone to interesting dynamics, generally taking the form of transient upwelling and downwelling travelling along its shores, similar to processes encountered in broad fjords of higher latitudes. The dataset collected to study those dynamics consists of water column physical parameters (temperature, salinity, currents and water level) and atmospheric forcing (wind speed and direction, atmospheric pressure, air temperature and solar radiation) taken at several points around the fjord using oceanographic moorings and land-based stations. The program lasted 2 full years and achieved a good data return of 90 %, providing a comprehensive dataset not only for Fortune Bay studies but also for the field of broad fjord studies. The data are available publically from the SEANOE repository (http://www.seanoe.org/data/00511/62314/; Donnet and Lazure, 2020).

Sebastien Donnet et al.

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Sebastien Donnet et al.

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Fortune Bay (NL, Canada) oceanographic observations May 2015 - May 2017 Donnet Sebastien and Lazure Pascal https://doi.org/10.17882/62314

Sebastien Donnet et al.

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Short summary
Fortune Bay (Canada) is a large fjord-like embayment which host important aquaculture (salmon) industries, lobster fisheries and wild salmon run. To better understand the ecological pressure of human-related activities an important oceanographic program was undertaken to provide basic knowledge of the physical environment. The program run for two consecutive years and successfully obtained data on water temperature, salinity, oxygen, ocean currents, tides and meterological forcing (e.g. wind).
Fortune Bay (Canada) is a large fjord-like embayment which host important aquaculture (salmon)...
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